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Elymus canadensis - L.

Common Name Canadian Wild Rye
Family Poaceae or Gramineae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry sandy gravelly or rocky soil[43]. Thickets and open woods in limestone and sandy clay soils in Texas[274].
Range N. America - in most areas except the far south. Recorded, but not yet naturalized in N. Europe[50]
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Elymus canadensis Canadian Wild Rye


Elymus canadensis Canadian Wild Rye

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Elymus canadensis is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in) by 1 m (3ft 3in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jul to August, and the seeds ripen from Sep to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Seed.
Edible Uses:

Seed - cooked[105, 161, 177]. It can be ground into a flour and used to make bread. Quite fiddly to use, the seed is small and difficult to separate[K]. The seed was an important item of food for the Paiute Indians of south-western N. America[183].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

Soil stabilization.

The plant has an extensive root system and can be used for binding sand dunes[61].

Cultivation details

An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most soils, preferring a sandy soil and a sunny position[1, 162]. Plants can flower too late to ripen their seed in Britain, especially in the western half of the country[K]. A polymorphic species[1].

Propagation

Seed - sow mid spring in situ and only just cover the seed[162]. Germination should take place within 2 weeks. If the supply of seed is limited, it can also be sown in mid spring in a cold frame. Only just cover the seed. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in summer[K] Division in spring or summer[162]. Very easy, larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

43200236

Links / References

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Subject : Elymus canadensis  
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