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Echinacea purpurea - (L.)Moench.

Common Name Echinacea, Eastern purple coneflower, Hedge Coneflower, Black Sampson , Purple Coneflower
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness 3-10
Known Hazards Possible suppression of immunity with habitual use. High doses over 1000 mg may cause dizziness. Use of herb for 10-14 days recommended followed by a short break.
Habitats Dry open woods, prairies and barrens[43].
Range N. America - Virginia to Ohio and Michigan, south to Georgia and Louisiana.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Echinacea purpurea Echinacea, Eastern purple coneflower, Hedge Coneflower, Black Sampson , Purple Coneflower


Echinacea purpurea Echinacea, Eastern purple coneflower, Hedge Coneflower, Black Sampson , Purple Coneflower

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Summary

Bloom Color: Pink, Purple, Red, White. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Early fall, Late summer, Mid summer. Form: Upright or erect.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Echinacea purpurea is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jul to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms

Brauneria purpurea. Echinacea intermedia. Echinacea serotina. Rudbeckia purpurea.

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves.
Edible Uses:

Leaves[160]. No more details are given.

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Adaptogen;  Alterative;  Antiseptic;  Aphrodisiac;  Depurative;  Digestive;  Sialagogue.

Echinacea is considered to be the most effective detoxicant in Western herbal medicine for the circulatory, lymphatic and respiratory systems[238, 254]. Its use has also been adopted by Ayurvedic medicine[238]. Plants in this genus were probably the most frequently used of N. American Indian herbal remedies. They had a very wide range of applications and many of these uses have been confirmed by modern science. This species is the most easily cultivated of the genus and so has been more generally adopted for its medicinal uses[238]. The plant has a general stimulatory effect on the immune system and is widely used in modern herbal treatments[222]. In Germany over 200 pharmaceutical preparations are made from Echinacea[222]. There has been some doubt over the ability of the body to absorb the medicinally active ingredients orally (intravenous injections being considered the only effective way to administer the plant), but recent research has demonstrated significant absorption from orally administered applications[222]. The roots and the whole plant are considered particularly beneficial in the treatment of sores, wounds, burns etc, possessing cortisone-like and antibacterial activity[222]. The plant was used by N. American Indians as a universal application to treat the bites and stings of all types of insects[213]. An infusion of the plant was also used to treat snakebites[213]. The root is adaptogen, alterative, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, depurative, diaphoretic, digestive, sialagogue[4, 21, 61, 160, 165, 213]. It is harvested in the autumn and dried for later use[238]. The German Commission E Monographs, a therapeutic guide to herbal medicine, approve Echinacea for common cold, cough and bronchitis, fevers and cold, urinary tract infections, inflammation of the mouth and pharynx, increase resistance to infection, wounds and burns (see [302] for critics of commission E).

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Border,Container, Massing, Seashore, Specimen. Prefers a deep rich loam with plenty of leafmold[1] and a sunny position[175]. Succeeds in dry soils and tolerates drought once it is established[160]. Prefers a good light soil[187]. A very ornamental plant, there are some named varieties[187]. Slugs love this plant[K]. Special Features:Attracts birds, North American native, Edible, Naturalizing, Attracts butterflies, Suitable for cut flowers, Suitable for dried flowers, Attractive flowers or blooms.

Propagation

Seed - sow March/April in a greenhouse and only just cover the seed[175, K]. Diurnal temperature fluctuations aid germination[175]. The seed usually germinates in 10 - 21 days at 25°c[175]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots once they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for the first summer. Plant them out in the late spring or early summer of the following year and give them some protection from slugs at least until they are established[K]. Division in spring or autumn[111]. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring. Root cuttings, October in a frame[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Echinacea angustifoliaEchinacea, Blacksamson echinacea, Strigose blacksamson05
Echinacea pallidaCone Flower, Pale purple coneflower05

 

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Expert comment

Author

(L.)Moench.

Botanical References

43200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Al D.   Sun Dec 29 17:28:36 2002

I have found it to be *very* drought tolerant. I think this is due to the plant's deep roots.

Link: Michigan State University Horticultural Department web site Describes the plant's preferences and also describes 8 different cultivars of this species

   Sun Nov 2 2008

The statement,"Note: please don't expect a quick...."etc. is not a question. So it doesn't need a question mark. So someone who created this site's not paying attention. Doesn't exactly inspire confidence!

Waqas Ahmed   Wed Nov 19 2008

Agrarian Online Latest info about agriculture

Lawler Barnes   Sun May 31 2009

Nature Abhors a Garden Nature abhors a Garden for 11/02/08 discusses what happens when an herb is reintroduced and many aren’t aware of the experiences of 19th century users.

daniel   Wed Nov 18 2009

como obtengo las semillas ?'

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Subject : Echinacea purpurea  
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