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Dryas octopetala - L.

Common Name Mountain Avens, Eightpetal mountain-avens, Alaskan mountain-avens, Hooker's mountain-avens, Kamtsch
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 3-6
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rocky places and high pastures[13], especially on limestone rocks[1].
Range Arctic and sub-arctic Europe, Asia and America. Mountains in south Europe, including Britain.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Dryas octopetala Mountain Avens, Eightpetal mountain-avens,  Alaskan mountain-avens, Hooker


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dryas_octopetala_Sturm43.jpg
Dryas octopetala Mountain Avens, Eightpetal mountain-avens,  Alaskan mountain-avens, Hooker
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Griensteidl

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: White. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late spring. Form: Prostrate, Spreading or horizontal.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Dryas octopetala is an evergreen Shrub growing to 0.1 m (0ft 4in) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 2. It is in leaf all year, in flower from June to July. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Ground Cover;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Tea.

The leaves are used as a tea substitute[2, 13, 46, 183].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antidiarrhoeal;  Astringent;  Digestive.

The entire plant, harvested just before or at flowering time is astringent and digestive[9]. An infusion is used as a stomach tonic, and also as a gargle for treating gingivitis and other disorders of the mouth and throat[9].

Other Uses

The plant makes a good ground cover for spring bulbs, though it is not strongly weed suppressive[200]. Slow-growing at first, it then forms a dense mat[197]. Plants should be spaced about 30cm apart each way and they form a carpet, the branches rooting at intervals along the stems[208].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Alpine garden, Ground cover, Rock garden. Easily grown in ordinary gardening soil[1, 11], preferring a sunny position[4]. Prefers limestone soils[1]. Prefers a gritty well-drained peaty soil[188]. A sub-shrub, producing annual stems from a woody base[11, 200]. A good plant for a rock garden[1], it succeeds on banks and on walls[188]. A very ornamental plant[1]. The sub-species D. octopetala hookeriana has been shown to produce nitrogen nodules on its roots due to a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, in the same way as peas and beans[212]. It has been assumed here that the species type can also do this[K]. Some of the nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200]. Established plants strongly resent root disturbance[200]. Special Features:Attractive foliage, Not North American native.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown in pots a shady cold frame or sheltered place outdoors as soon as it is ripe[200]. Stored seed requires stratification and should be sown as soon as possible. The seed usually germinates in 1 - 12 months or more at 20°c[200]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Division of self-layered shoots in early spring[1, 200]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, July/August in sharp sand in a frame[1, 200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

1117200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

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Subject : Dryas octopetala  
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