We need to raise £10,000 from user donations to get our finances in balance. More >>>

Follow Us:

 

Dianthus_caryophyllus - L.

Common Name Carnation, Clove Pink, Border Carnation
Family Caryophyllaceae
USDA hardiness 6-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats A plant of limestone soils, it is often found on old walls in Britain[17].
Range Europe - W. and S. France. Occasionally naturalized in Britain[17].
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Frost Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Dianthus_caryophyllus Carnation, Clove Pink, Border Carnation


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gc17_dianthus_caryophyllus.jpg
Dianthus_caryophyllus Carnation, Clove Pink, Border Carnation
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:W_carnation4051.jpg

 

Translate this page:

You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box.

Summary

Bloom Color: Orange, Pink, Red, White, Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Mid summer. Form: Upright or erect.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Dianthus_caryophyllus is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from August to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). The plant is self-fertile.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline and saline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.
It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

Synonyms

Habitats

Edible Uses

The flower petals have a strong smell of cloves and are candied, used as a garnish in salads, for flavouring fruit, fruit salads etc. They can also be used as a substitute for rose petals in making a syrup[183, 238]. The petals should be removed from the calyx and their bitter white base should be removed[183].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



Carnation flowers are an aromatic, stimulant herb that has been used in tonic cordials in the past to treat fevers, though this use is now obsolete[238]. It is traditionally prescribed in European herbal medicine to treat coronary and nervous disorders[254]. The flowers are considered to be alexiteric, antispasmodic, cardiotonic, diaphoretic and nervine[240]. The plant has been used as a vermifuge in China[240].

Other Uses

An essential oil is obtained from the flowers[46, 171]. It is used in perfumery. 500kg of flowers produce 100g of oil[61]. The flowers are harvested when they are fully open in the morning, preferably after 3 hours exposure to sunlight[238]. The flower heads are dried and used in pot-pourri, scented sachets and cosmetic products[238, 268]. The plant is quite rich in saponins. The leaves can be simmered in water and this water can then be used as a soap for cleaning the skin, clothes etc[201].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Rock garden, Seashore, Specimen. Succeeds in a sunny position in most good soils[111, 200] tolerating a pH range from 6 to 8 but disliking acid soils[200]. A very tolerant plant, succeeding in the salt laden air and strong winds of the coast as well as in the sulphur polluted air of cities[200]. This species is not hardy in the colder areas of the country, it tolerates temperatures down to about -10°c[200]. A very ornamental plant[1], the carnation is widely cultivated in the flower garden and is grown commercially in France for its essential oil[46]. There are many named varieties[200]. The flowers of the species have a rich clove-like perfume, though almost no scent is present in the orange and yellow-flowering cultivars[245]. The flowers are very attractive to butterflies and moths[17]. Plants are prone to mildew or leaf spot in humid climates[201]. Special Features:Edible, Not North American native, Suitable for cut flowers, Fragrant flowers.

image

The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

Shop Now

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in slight heat in a greenhouse[1]. The seed usually germinates in 2 - 3 weeks at 15°c. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Layering in July[1]. Cuttings of non-flowering basal shoots, June/July in a frame[200]. Harvest the shoots when they are about 10cm long with plenty of underground stem. Pot them up into individual pots and keep them in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Dianthus caryophyllusCarnation, Clove Pink, Border Carnation22

 

Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

virxon@yahoo.co.uk   Mon Sep 18 2006

Considering that such as Taiwan is booming market for organic produce is it not ridiculous that the EU argue economic advantage in growing GMO Carnations?

oogala boogala   Wed Mar 12 2008

THANK U SOOOO MUCH!!! i have a science paper due and this site was sooo helpful that i found the last info i nedded!

amal frghaly   Thu Apr 16 2009

Thanks, I want to know more information about chemical analysis of Carnation and uses in control diseases.

QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.

2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.

3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Dianthus_caryophyllus  
All the information contained in these pages is Copyright (C) Plants For A Future, 1996-2012.
Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567,
Web Design & Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified (but some can). Please view the copyright link for more information.