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Dendrobium nobile - Lindl.

Common Name
Family Orchidaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Tree trunks in mountain forests, also on rocks in mountain valleys at elevations of 500 - 1700 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - China to the Himalayas.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Dendrobium nobile


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Dendrobium nobile
http://www.larsen-twins.dk/

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Dendrobium nobile is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.6 m (2ft). It is in leaf all year, in flower from March to May. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs).
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

D. lindleyanum. D. coerulescens.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



The whole plant contains mucilage and the alkaloid dendrobine[283]. It is antiphlogistic, pectoral, sialogogue, stomachic and tonic[147, 178]. It is used in Vietnam as a tonic in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis, general debility, flatulence, dyspepsia, reduced salivation, parched and thirsty mouth, night sweats, fever and anorexia[283]. It is also said to be effective in the treatment of sexual impotence, arthralgia, lumbago, pain in the extremities etc[283]. The plant is harvested at the end of the growing season and dried for later use[283]. The dried plants are imbued with alcohol and steam cooked before use[283].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

This species is cultivated as a medicinal plant in China[178]. A very ornamental plant[1]. The dried plant can come back into growth[178].

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Propagation

Seed - surface sow, preferably as soon as it is ripe, in the greenhouse and do not allow the compost to dry out. The seed of this species is extremely simple, it has a minute embryo surrounded by a single layer of protective cells. It contains very little food reserves and depends upon a symbiotic relationship with a species of soil-dwelling fungus. The fungal hyphae invade the seed and enter the cells of the embryo. The orchid soon begins to digest the fungal tissue and this acts as a food supply for the plant until it is able to obtain nutrients from decaying material in the soil[200]. It is best to use some of the soil that is growing around established plants in order to introduce the fungus, or to sow the seed around a plant of the same species and allow the seedlings to grow on until they are large enough to move.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants

 

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Expert comment

Author

Lindl.

Botanical References

200266

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Dr Shwe Pyi Hein   Thu Aug 20 2009

I want to know whether mucilage and alkaloids are destroyed or not during processing with 100 degree celcius for 20 hours

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Subject : Dendrobium nobile  
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