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Dendranthema x grandiflorum - (Ramat.)Kitam.

Common Name Chrysanthemum, Cut Mum, Garden Mum, Pot Mum, Florist's Chrysanthemum
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness 5-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Not known in a truly wild situation.
Range A hybrid of garden origin.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun
Dendranthema x grandiflorum Chrysanthemum, Cut Mum, Garden Mum, Pot Mum, Florist


http://www.hear.org/starr/
Dendranthema x grandiflorum Chrysanthemum, Cut Mum, Garden Mum, Pot Mum, Florist
http://www.hear.org/starr/

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: Orange, Pink, Purple, Red, White, Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early fall, Late summer, Mid fall. Form: Rounded.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Dendranthema x grandiflorum is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. It is in flower from August to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Chrysanthemum x morifolium. Ramat. C. sinense.

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers;  Leaves.
Edible Uses: Tea.

The flower heads or petals[46, 116, 179] are parboiled and served as a salad with tofu and seasoned with vinegar or soya sauce[183]. They can also be prepared as tempura, pickled, dried or added to soups[183]. The petals contain about 1.9% protein, 0.9% fat, 5.3% carbohydrate, 0.7% ash[179]. Leaves - cooked[46, 105, 179]. Used as fritters, they are aromatic[183]. Some varieties have been selected for their low bitterness[116]. An aromatic tea is made from the leaves[183]. A tangy aromatic tea is made from the flowers or flower petals[179]. For a sweeter tea only the petals are used[183].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antibacterial;  Antifungal;  Carminative;  Depurative;  Diaphoretic;  Febrifuge;  Ophthalmic;  Refrigerant;  
Sedative.

Chrysanthemum flowers, known in China as Ju Hua, are a bitter aromatic herb that has been used for thousands of years in Chinese medicine[238, 254]. The flower heads are drunk as a refreshing tisane and are used to improve vision, soothe sore eyes, relieve headaches, counter infections etc[254]. They are antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, carminative, depurative, diaphoretic, febrifuge, ophthalmic, refrigerant and sedative[116, 147, 176, 218, 238]. Taken internally they dilate the coronary artery, thus increasing the flow of blood to the heart, and so are used in the treatment of hypertension, coronary heart diseases and angina[238]. The flowers are harvested when fully open in the autumn and are dried for later use[238]. In China they are steamed before being dried to make them less bitter[238]. The leaf juice is smeared onto wounds[218].

Other Uses

Pollution.

Plants have been grown indoors in pots in order to help remove toxins from the atmosphere. It is especially good at removing chemical vapours, especially formaldehyde, benzene and ammonia[259].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Foundation, Massing, Specimen. Succeeds in most well-drained fertile soils in a sunny position[1, 200]. This species is not fully hardy in Britain, many of its cultivars requiring greenhouse protection in the colder areas of the country[1]. The chrysanthemum is widely cultivated as an ornamental flowering plant[200], there are many named varieties. It is also occasionally grown in the Orient for its edible leaves, a number of cultivars have been developed with leaves that are low in bitterness[116]. It has been proposed (1999) to restore this species to Chrysanthemum as C. x morifolium Ramat. since the plant is so widely known under this name. Special Features:Attractive foliage, Fragrant foliage, Attracts butterflies, Suitable for cut flowers, Suitable for dried flowers, Fragrant flowers, Attractive flowers or blooms, Seldomly reblooms.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring to early summer in a greenhouse and only just cover the seed. It usually germinates in 10 - 18 days at 15°c but if it does not germinate within 4 weeks then try chilling the seed for 3 weeks in the salad compartment of a fridge[164]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer. This is a hybrid species and so will not breed true from seed. Division in spring. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Ramat.)Kitam.

Botanical References

200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Alan Long   Thu May 10 2007

Do you know whether or not the plant is vascular and are there any hazards associated with this plant?

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Subject : Dendranthema x grandiflorum  
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