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Daphne bholua - Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don.

Common Name
Family Thymelaeaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards All parts of the plant are poisonous[76]. Skin contact with the sap can cause dermatitis in some people[200].
Habitats Clearings in oak and rhododendron forests and shrubberies to 3100 metres[51]. Moist shady places under trees at elevations of 1000 - 3200 metres in Nepal[272].
Range E. Asia - Himalayas - Uttar Pradesh to S.W. China.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun
Daphne bholua


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Magnus_Manske
Daphne bholua
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Magnus_Manske

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Daphne bholua is an evergreen Shrub growing to 2 m (6ft) by 1.5 m (5ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Jan to April. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, flies, lepidoptera.Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

Synonyms

D. cannabina. pro parte. D. papyrifera.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anthelmintic;  Febrifuge.

The juice of the roots, combined with molasses, is used in the treatment of fevers and intestinal problems[272]. A decoction of the bark is used to treat fevers[272]. The powdered seeds are anthelmintic[272].

Other Uses

Fibre;  Paper.

A very good quality paper is made from the inner bark[11, 46, 51, 61, 272]. It is one of the principle sources of hand made paper in Nepal[272]. The fibre in the inner bark can be used to make rope[146, 272].

Cultivation details

Prefers a cool lime-free well-drained sandy loam and a sunny position[1, 11]. Succeeds in neutral soils[11] and tolerates partial shade[200]. Plants also succeed in quite deep shade[219]. At least some forms, especially the sub-species D. bholua glacialis.(see below) tolerate alkaline soils[184]. Flowers well when grown in dry shade[184]. Likes plenty of moisture in the growing season[11]. Grows well in London, tolerating atmospheric pollution[184]. Said to be hardy to about -5°c[200], plants succeed outdoors in southern England, but are defoliated in severe winters[11]. Plants at higher altitudes in its native range are often deciduous whilst plants from lower altitudes are evergreen but less hardy[166]. A very variable and very ornamental species[1, 200], the cultivars 'Ghurka' (deciduous) and 'Jacqueline Postill' (evergreen) are more hardy than the type[182, 200]. One report says that the cultivar 'Ghurka' is part of the deciduous sub-species D. bholua glacialis. (W.W.Smith.&Cave.)Burtt. and that it can tolerate temperatures down to about -10°c[184]. The flowers are fragrant[272]. Because it flowers in the winter, this species seldom produces much seed in Britain unless it is hand-pollinated[214]. Plants often sucker and form clumps in the wild[214]. Plants are resentful of root disturbance and should be planted into their permanent positions as soon as possible[188].

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe with the pot sealed in a polythene bag to hold in the moisture. Remove this bag as soon as germination takes place[164]. The seed usually germinates better if it is harvested 'green' (when it has fully developed but before it dries on the plant) and sown immediately. Germination should normally take place by spring, though it sometimes takes a further year. Stored seed is more problematic. It should be warm stratified for 8 - 12 weeks at 20°c followed by 12 - 14 weeks at 3°c. Germination may still take another 12 months or more at 15°c[164]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle. Grow the plants on in the greenhouse for their first winter and then plant out in spring after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, June/July in a frame[214]. Division of suckers[214]. Layering.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Brachyloma ciliatumDaphne Heath00
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Daphne genkwaLilac Daphne03
Daphne gnidiumFlax-Leaved Daphne01
Daphne involucrata 00
Daphne laureolaSpurge Laurel01
Daphne mezereumMezereon, Paradise plant, February Daphne02
Daphne odoraWinter Daphne, Fragrant Daphne02
Daphne oleoides 11
Daphne papyracea 01
Daphne pseudomezereum 00
Salix daphnoidesViolet Willow, Daphne willow12

 

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Author

Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don.

Botanical References

1151200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Caroline P   Tue Oct 6 2009

My 10-year-old "Jacqueline Postill" (2 m high x 1 m wide) has produced about a dozen suckers which seem to be have survived potting up. Grown in a sheltered but very dry position in quite heavy shade in Surrey it withstood vicoius winds and temperatures which descended a few times to -15 centrigrade overnight last winter - not to mention being covered in snow for several days...

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