We need regular donations to enable us to keep going – to maintain and further develop our free-to-use database of over 8000 edible and useful plants. Donations have increased following recent appeals - thank you! - but we still need at least £1000 (or $1300/ €1200) every month. If you value what we do please give what you can to support our work. More >>>

Follow Us:


Daniellia ogea - (Harms) Rolfe ex Holland

Common Name Accra copal, Ogea copal
Family Fabaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rainforest[316 ]. Daniellia ogea occurs in evergreen and semi-deciduous forest, also in swampy localities near water courses, from sea-level up to 800 m altitude. [299]
Range Western tropical Africa - Senegal to Gabon.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Full sun
Daniellia ogea Accra copal, Ogea copal

Daniellia ogea Accra copal, Ogea copal


Translate this page:


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Daniellia ogea is a deciduous Tree growing to 40 m (131ft) by 35 m (114ft) at a medium rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


Cyanothyrsus ogea Harms Daniellia caudata Craib Daniellia fosteri Craib Daniellia punchii Craib Daniellia similis Craib Daniellia thurifera chevalieri J.L?onard


Edible Uses

None known

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

Now available: PLANTS FOR YOUR FOOD FOREST: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens.

An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More


Other Uses

Gum exudates from cracks and wounds in the trunk are used to make a varnish called 'West African Gum Copal'[316 ]. The heartwood is pale pinkish to reddish-brown with occasional darker streaks; the 4 - 17cm wide band of sapwood is whitish to straw coloured. The texture is rather coarse; the grain straight to shallowly interlocked; the surface lustrous; may be somewhat gummy. The wood is light in weight, soft; it is not very durable, having a slight resistance to fungi and being susceptible to dry wood borers and termites. It seasons rapidly, with only a slight risk of checking or distortion; once dry it is moderately stable in service. The wood works easily with hand and machine tools, quartersawn material tends to tear in planing and shaping, produces a woolly finish unless tools are kept sharp, nails, screws well; gluing is correct, though assembling and gluing is sometimes difficult due to the warping of dried veneers. It is liable to sap stain, log conversion should be rapid. The wood is used for plywood, joinery, general millwork, furniture components, boxes and crates, a decorative veneer can be produced from selected logs[316 , 848 ]. In Sierra Leone it has been reported that trees with a bole diameter of 90?100 cm yield 6?9 m_ of usable wood.[299]

Special Uses

Carbon Farming

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Industrial Crop: Hydrocarbon  Management: Standard  Regional Crop

Daniellia ogea occurs in evergreen and semi-deciduous forest, also in swampy localities near water courses, from sea-level up to 800 m altitude. In Nigeria it occurs in old tree plantations after felling of the plantation trees. In forest management, there is generally no focus on Daniellia ogea because it is not a preferred timber tree. In Sierra Leone the average density of trees with a bole diameter of more than 60 cm has been estimated to be 0.06 per ha. The minimum bole diameter allowed for harvesting is 60 cm in C?te d?Ivoire and Cameroon, 70 cm in Liberia and 90 cm in Ghana. In Sierra Leone it has been reported that trees with a bole diameter of 90?100 cm yield 6?9 m_ of usable wood. [299]

Carbon Farming

  • Industrial Crop: Hydrocarbon  Materials, chemicals and energy include bioplastics, rubber, biomass products gasoline, jet fuel, diesel, butane, propane, biogas. Plants are usually resprouting plants and saps.
  • Management: Standard  Plants grow to their standard height. Harvest fruit, seeds, or other products. Non-Destructive management systems.
  • Regional Crop  These crops have been domesticated and cultivated regionally but have not been adopted elsewhere and are typically not traded globally, Examples in this broad category include perennial cottons and many nuts and staple fruits.

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:



The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

Shop Now



Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Ehyedua, Shedua (Ghana), Oziya, Daniellia (Nigeria), Fara (Ivory Coast), Nsou (Cameroon), Faro (France), Incenso (Portuguese Guinea).

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Africa, Central Africa, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guin?e, Guinea-Bissau, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, West Africa,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Daniellia oliveriAfrican Copaiba Balsam TreeTree25.0 10-12 FLMHNM223

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment


(Harms) Rolfe ex Holland

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

Readers comment

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Daniellia ogea  
© 2010, Plants For A Future. Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567.