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Dalbergia monticola - Bosser & R.Rabev.

Common Name Hazovola, tsiandalana, voamboana
Family Fabaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Evergreen forests at elevations from 350 - 1,600 metres, usually on ferrallitic soils[ 299 , 752 ].
Range Africa - eastern Madagascar.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (4 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Full sun
Dalbergia monticola Hazovola, tsiandalana, voamboana


https://edibleplants.org/
Dalbergia monticola Hazovola, tsiandalana, voamboana
https://edibleplants.org/

 

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Summary

Endemic to Madagascar, Dalbergia monticola is a deciduous tree typically about 15 m in height with a short bole of up to 100 cm in diameter. It has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria that forms root nodules and fix atmospheric nitrogen. The wood is moderately heavy to heavy and ideal for making musical instruments, precision equipment, cabinets and furniture, carvings, and veneer and plywood among others.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Dalbergia monticola is a deciduous Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. The flowers are pollinated by Insects.
It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Edible Uses

None known

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References

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FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Other Uses: The heartwood is greyish yellow-brown to reddish brown or dark brown, often with darker stripes; it is distinctly demarcated from the sapwood. The grain is generally straight, texture fine and even; when fresh the wood has a sweetish smell. The wood is moderately heavy to heavy; it is moderately durable and resistant to termites. It air-dries satisfactorily but slowly; turned pieces used for precision equipment or musical instruments should be dried thoroughly to avoid distortion. Once dry, the wood is very stable in service. The wood works well, both with hand tools and machine tools; it finishes well, taking a beautiful polish; the nailing properties are moderate and pre-boring is needed; finishing with oil-based paint gives moderate results; the gluing properties are variable. The wood is much in demand for cabinet making, furniture, marquetry and parquet flooring. It is one of the favoured woods for musical instruments, especially guitars, not only because of its beautiful colour and venation, but also because of its clearness of tone. It is also suitable for interior trim, joinery, ship and boat building, vehicle bodies, precision equipment, carvings, toys and novelties, turnery, pattern making, veneer and plywood[ 299 ].

Special Uses

References

Cultivation details

A plant of the moister tropics, where it can be found at elevations up to 1,600 metres. It is found in regions where the mean annual temperature is in the range 18 - 23°c, and the mean annual rainfall is 750 - 2,500 mm[ 299 ]. Trees are probably slow-growing[ 299 ]. A long lived plant, surviving for more than 200 years[ 299 ]. Seedlings are rarely found more than 10 - 20 metres from the trunk of the parent tree[ 299 ]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[ 299 ].

References

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Propagation

Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have been dried for storage the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[ K ]. Air layering has been successful on an experimental basis[ 299 ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Hazovola - Malagasy, tsiandalana - Malagasy, voamboana - Malagasy.

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Madagascar

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Status: Vulnerable A1cd+2cd

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Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Bosser & R.Rabev.

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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