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Dalbergia louvelii - R.Vig.

Common Name Andramena, Volombodipona, Violet rosewood
Family Fabaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Lowland evergreen forest and coastal forest at elevations up to 700 metres. It occurs on ferrallitic or sandy soils[ 299 ].
Range Africa - eastern Madagascar.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (4 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Tender Moist Soil Full sun
Dalbergia louvelii Andramena, Volombodipona, Violet rosewood


International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
Dalbergia louvelii Andramena, Volombodipona, Violet rosewood
https://botanicimage.com/

 

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Summary

Dalbergia louvelii is a deciduous tree about 20 m in height found in Africa specifically in eastern Madagascar. It produces valuable rosewood for export but due to overexploitation, it has been classified as an endangered species. It has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria that form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. The heartwood is used in the treatment of bilharzia and malaria. It is very heavy and very hard and preferred in making cabinets, furniture, marquetry, and parquet flooring. It is also used in musical instrument, carvings, turnings, and for tombs.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Dalbergia louvelii is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 15 m (49ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. The flowers are pollinated by Insects.
It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



The heartwood is used in traditional medicine to treat bilharzia and malaria[ 299 ]. Several flavonoids have been isolated from the heartwood, some of which showed antiplasmodial activity[ 299 ].

Other Uses

Other Uses: The heartwood is purplish red, becoming purplish black upon drying. The texture is fine and even, and the wood has a beautiful polish. It is very heavy and very hard. The wood is much in demand for cabinet making, furniture, marquetry and parquet flooring. It is one of the favoured woods for musical instruments and is locally in high demand for carving and turning. It has been used traditionally for tombs[ 299 ].

Cultivation details

This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[ 299 ].

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Propagation

Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have been dried for storage the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[ K ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Volombodipona à grandes feuilles - French, andramena - Malagasy, hendramena - Malagasy, volombodipona - Malagasy, volombodipona vavy - Malagasy, madagaskisk violpalisander - Swedish.

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Madagascar

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Status: Endangered A1cd+2cd

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Dalbergia baroniiPalissandre rouge des marais, hitsika, sovodrano00
Dalbergia cochinchinensisSiam Rosewood, Thailand Rosewood00
Dalbergia greveanaMadagascar Rosewood02
Dalbergia hupeana 11
Dalbergia latifoliaBlack Rosewood, East Indian Rosewood, Kala sheeshan, Satisal02
Dalbergia melanoxylonAfrican Blackwood, Grenadilla, Mpingo02
Dalbergia monticolaHazovola, tsiandalana, voamboana00
Dalbergia nigraBrazilian Rosewood00
Dalbergia oliveriRedwood00
Dalbergia retusaCocobolo00
Dalbergia stevensoniiHonduras Rosewood00

 

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Expert comment

Author

R.Vig.

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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