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Cyperus textilis - Thunb.

Common Name Flat sedge, Basket grass,
Family Cyperaceae
USDA hardiness 9-12
Known Hazards None Known
Habitats Along the coast in wet places or in still or flowing shallow water along streams and rivers, 5-1,680m.; Perennial Helophyte.
Range South Africa - Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Western Cape
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (4 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Wet Soil Water Plants Full shade Semi-shade Full sun
Cyperus textilis Flat sedge, Basket grass,


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Cyperus textilis Flat sedge, Basket grass,
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Cyperus textilis is an evergreen Perennial growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist or wet soil and can grow in water. It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Cyperus asperifolius Desf. Cyperus burchellii Schrad. Cyperus smithii Schrad.Eucyperus pungens Rikli. Eucyperus textilis (Thunb.) Rikli

Habitats

Edible Uses

None Known

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None Known

References

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An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Cyperus textilis is an important material for the weaving of mats, basketry and ropemaking. It is a traditional building material for peoples of southern Africa, particularly the Khoi who primarily use the plant to weave mats as a hut covering, bound in place by twine made from the same plant. The rope is also used to bind thatch (South African National Biodiversity Insitute 2008). Reed beds with Cyperus textilis and similar plants (reeds, bulrushes and sedges) are used worldwide to clean polluted water. The plants take up the excess nitrogen and phosphates from treated sewage, and have also proved effective in removing heavy metals and phenolic compounds from waste water. Carbon Farming Solutions - Industrial Crop: biomass. (Crops grown for non-food uses. Industrial crops provide resources in three main categories: materials, chemicals, and energy. Traditional materials include lumber and thatch, paper and cardboard, and textiles) [1-1].

Special Uses

Carbon Farming

References

Cultivation details

Industrial Crop: Biomass  Management: Hay  Regional Crop

Climate: Mediterranean, warm temperate. Humidity: aquatic. Plant in sun or semi-shade. In bright sun the clumps will be more compact and the stems more closely packed, whereas in the shade the plants will grow taller with fewer stems giving a more graceful effect. Grows in any good soil. Can grow in shallow water, waterlogged soil and moist soil. Can be grown in containers or water features. Good for heavy clay soils. A tender perennial, surviving with minimum is -7ºC / 30ºF (USDA zone 9). Frost kills the foliage but the plant will resprout in spring provided the roots were not frozen. Carbon Farming Solutions - Cultivation: regional crop. Management: hay (Describes the non-destructive management systems that are used in cultivation) [1-1].

Carbon Farming

  • Industrial Crop: Biomass  Three broad categories: bamboos, resprouting woody plants, and giant grasses. uses include: protein, materials (paper, building materials, fibers, biochar etc.), chemicals (biobased chemicals), energy - biofuels
  • Management: Hay  Cut to the ground and harvested annually. Non-destructive management systems maintaining the soil organic carbon.
  • Regional Crop  These crops have been domesticated and cultivated regionally but have not been adopted elsewhere and are typically not traded globally, Examples in this broad category include perennial cottons and many nuts and staple fruits.

References

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Division of the clumps is best - use young growth and discard old growth. Seed. Cuttings. Cuttings take the top 5cm (2inch), including the 'umbrella'.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Flat sedge, Basket grass, umbrella sedge, mat sedge, Matjiesgoed (afrikaans), umuzi (xhosa)

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

South Africa - Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Western Cape

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Status: Least Concern

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Cyperus aristatus Perennial1.5 7-10  LMNMWe20 
Cyperus articulatusJointed flatsedge, Priprioca, PiripiriPerennial1.8 10-12 FLMHNMWeWa142
Cyperus cephalotesBhada, Flat Sedges, Nut Sedges or Umbrella Sedge.Perennial0.3 10-12 FLMHNWeWa012
Cyperus distansSlender Cyperus, Piedmont flatsedgePerennial0.5 0-0  LMNMWe11 
Cyperus esculentusTiger Nut, Yellow nutsedge, Nut GrassPerennial0.9 8-10 FLMHNMWe423
Cyperus fendlerianusFendler's FlatsedgePerennial1.5 -  LMNMWe20 
Cyperus giganteusPiripiri, Mexican PapyrusPerennial1.5 9-11 FLMHNWeWa023
Cyperus longusGalingalePerennial1.2 6-9 FLMHNMWeWa21 
Cyperus papyrusPapyrus. Papyrus sedgePerennial5.0 9-12 FLMHNWeWa222
Cyperus rotundusNut GrassPerennial0.6 0-0  LMNMWe332
Cyperus schweinitziiFlatsedge, Schweinitz's flatsedgePerennial0.8 0-0  LMNMWe20 
Cyperus setigerusLean flatsedgePerennial1.0 0-0  LMNMWe20 
Cyperus tegetiformis Perennial0.0 -  LMNMWe00 
Cyperus ustulatus Perennial1.2 -  LMNMWe00 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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