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Cyperus giganteus - Vahl

Common Name Piripiri, Mexican Papyrus
Family Cyperaceae
USDA hardiness 9-11
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Tropical moist forest,premontane wet forest and tropical wet forest; often forming extensive and dense colonies in open swamps near the coast in Panama[315 , 368 ].
Range S. America - Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas; C. America - Panama to Mexico; Caribbean
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Tender Wet Soil Water Plants Full sun
Cyperus giganteus Piripiri, Mexican Papyrus


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Cyperus giganteus Piripiri, Mexican Papyrus
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

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Cyperus giganteus is an evergreen Perennial growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers wet soil and can grow in water.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Chlorocyperus giganteus (Vahl) Palla Cyperus berteroi Kunth Cyperus conspicuus Steud. Cyperus densiflorus Rchb. ex Kunth Cyperus elatus Griseb. Cyperus princeps Kunth Papyrus elegans Schrad. ex Nees Papyrus giganteus (Vahl) Schrad. ex Nees Papyrus odoratus Willd. ex Nees Papyrus spectabilis Schrad. ex Nees

Habitats

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


The rhizome is grated and used in an infusion to treat severe menstrual pains, especially during menstruation, by easing the menstrual flow[348 ].

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Other Uses

Agroforestry Uses: The plant can be grown in water systems as a water purifier in pollution control[991 ]. Other Uses Fibres fron the plant are used for matting and also for making ordinary and high quality translucent paper[991 ]. The fibre is said to be of high quality, similar to linen (Linum usitatissimum) and rami (Boehmeria nivea)[991 ]. The plant is said to deserve an important place in the paper industry[991 ]. Mexican papyurs is a great plant for a background or screening area in the pond. It can also be planted as a single plant in a water feature to add a more tropical look to an area.

Special Uses

Carbon Farming

Cultivation details

Industrial Crop: Biomass  Management: Hay  Regional Crop

This species is mostly aquatic, growing in still or slow running water up to 0.5 m deep.

Carbon Farming

  • Industrial Crop: Biomass  Three broad categories: bamboos, resprouting woody plants, and giant grasses. uses include: protein, materials (paper, building materials, fibers, biochar etc.), chemicals (biobased chemicals), energy - biofuels
  • Management: Hay  Cut to the ground and harvested annually. Non-destructive management systems maintaining the soil organic carbon.
  • Regional Crop  These crops have been domesticated and cultivated regionally but have not been adopted elsewhere and are typically not traded globally, Examples in this broad category include perennial cottons and many nuts and staple fruits.

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Propagation

Seed

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Cyperus aristatus Perennial1.5 7-10  LMNMWe20 
Cyperus articulatusJointed flatsedge, Priprioca, PiripiriPerennial1.8 10-12 FLMHNMWeWa142
Cyperus cephalotesBhada, Flat Sedges, Nut Sedges or Umbrella Sedge.Perennial0.3 10-12 FLMHNWeWa012
Cyperus distansSlender Cyperus, Piedmont flatsedgePerennial0.5 0-0  LMNMWe11 
Cyperus esculentusTiger Nut, Yellow nutsedge, Nut GrassPerennial0.9 8-10 FLMHNMWe423
Cyperus fendlerianusFendler's FlatsedgePerennial1.5 -  LMNMWe20 
Cyperus longusGalingalePerennial1.2 6-9 FLMHNMWeWa21 
Cyperus papyrusPapyrus. Papyrus sedgePerennial5.0 9-12 FLMHNWeWa222
Cyperus rotundusNut GrassPerennial0.6 0-0  LMNMWe332
Cyperus schweinitziiFlatsedge, Schweinitz's flatsedgePerennial0.8 0-0  LMNMWe20 
Cyperus setigerusLean flatsedgePerennial1.0 0-0  LMNMWe20 
Cyperus tegetiformis Perennial0.0 -  LMNMWe00 
Cyperus textilisFlat sedge, Basket grass,Perennial1.5 9-12 FLMHFSNMWeWa004
Cyperus ustulatus Perennial1.2 -  LMNMWe00 

 

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Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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