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Cuscuta reflexa - Roxb.

Common Name Dodder, Giant dodder
Family Convolvulaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Parasitic on Desmodium spp, Rubus spp and Viburnum spp at 1700 - 2900 metres in Kashmir[145]. It is also found on Zizyphus jujube and Vitex negundo and has been known to kill these plants[146].
Range E. Asia - Himalayas from Afghanistan to China.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Cuscuta reflexa Dodder, Giant dodder


Cuscuta reflexa Dodder, Giant dodder

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 
Cuscuta reflexa is a PERENNIAL. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs).
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Alterative  Anthelmintic  Carminative  Purgative

The seeds are alterative, anthelmintic and carminative[240, 243]. They are used in the treatment of bilious disorders[240]. The stems are used in the treatment of bilious disorders[243]. The whole plant is purgative[240, 243]. It is used internally in treating protracted fevers and externally in the treatment of body pains and itchy skin[240, 243, 272]. The plant is employed in Ayurvedic medicine to treat difficulty in urinating, jaundice, muscle pain and coughs[254]. The juice of the plant, mixed with the juice of Saccharum officinarum, is used in the treatment of jaundice[272]. The analysis of the plant differs according to the host it is growing on[240]. The report does not say if this makes a difference to its medicinal properties[K].

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Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

We have virtually no information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain. One report says that it needs cold greenhouse treatment in this country[1] but some provenances from the higher parts of its range could succeed outdoors. This is a parasitic species that is devoid of leaves, roots or chlorophyll and so is totally dependant upon its host[238]. It must be grown next to the host plant, which it penetrates with suckers in order to obtain nutriment[238].

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn, by lodging it among the stems of a host plant that is being grown in a pot in the greenhouse[238].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Dodder, giant dodder, French: cuscute; cuscute grosse.

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Afghanistan, Asia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indochina, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Northeastern India, Pakistan, SE Asia, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Tibet.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Can be weedy or invasive. Cuscuta species are quarantine pests in many countries. Capable of serious crop damage. A 'principal' or 'serious' weed in Afghanistan, Nepal, India and Pakistan

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Cuscuta chinensisChinese Dodder03
Cuscuta epithymumLesser Dodder02
Cuscuta europaeaGreater dodder02
Cuscuta japonicaJapanese Dodder12
Cuscuta megalocarpaBigfruit Dodder10
Cuscuta umbellataFlatglobe dodder10

 

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Expert comment

Author

Roxb.

Botanical References

1266

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

sarah   Sat Sep 20 2008

GC-MS of n-hexane extract of cuscuta reflexa... i need experimental methods for this.. 1.injection temperature 2.column temperature programme 3. 4.pressure/linear velocity 5.ion source temperature

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