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Couepia bracteosa - Benth.

Common Name Pajura
Family Chrysobalanaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Tropical, dryland forests[ 416 ]. Found in secondary forests, along rivers and in upland formations[ 625 ].
Range S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Guyanas.
Edibility Rating    (4 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Couepia bracteosa Pajura

Couepia bracteosa Pajura


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Coupeia bracteosa, otherwise known as Pajura, is a popular evergreen fruit tree of up to 20 m in height with a dense and narrow crown, leathery dark green leaves, and white small flowers that forms into clusters in the leaf axils and at the end of branches. The fruit is oval and has a thick, aromatic, oily pulp with a thin skin and a sweet flavour. It can be eaten raw and it has high oil content. The wood is heavy, very durable and used for external carpentry. Amazon, Bolivia, Brazil, Central America, Colombia, French Guiana, Guianas, Guyana, Peru, South America, Suriname, Venezuela. Also known as: Aruadan, Coro, Marirana, Oiti, Olosapo, Pajura de mata, Pajura-de-racha, Pajura-verdadeiro.

Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Couepia bracteosa is an evergreen Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 15 m (49ft) at a medium rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


Moquilea bracteosa (Benth.) Walp. Moquilea rufa Barb.Rodr.


Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw[ 416 ]. A thick, aromatic, oily pulp with a thin skin and a sweet, pleasant flavour[ 416 ]. The fruit is up to 13cm long and 10cm wide[ 416 ].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses


Other Uses: The wood is heavy, difficult to work, very durable and only slightly susceptible to wood-eating organisms[ 625 ]. It is used for external carpentry[ 625 ].

Special Uses

Food Forest

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

A tropical plant. Succeeds in a sunny position or light shade[ 625 ]. Newly planted young trees grow away moderately well. A popular cultivated fruit tree.

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

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Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe, in individual containers in partial shade[ 625 ]. The germination rate is usually low, with the seeds taking several weeks before they sprout[ 625 ]. The seeds are collected from very ripe fruit that have the pulp washed out. The seeds should be planted fresh.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Coupeia bracteosa, otherwise known as Pajura. Also known as: Aruadan, Coro, Marirana, Oiti, Olosapo, Pajura de mata, Pajura-de-racha, Pajura-verdadeiro.

Native Plant Search

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Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Amazon, Bolivia, Brazil, Central America, Colombia, French Guiana, Guianas, Guyana, Peru, South America, Suriname, Venezuela.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


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Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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