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Corylus hybrids - Various

Common Name Hybrid & Neohybrids, Hazel, Filbert
Family Betulaceae
USDA hardiness 4-9
Known Hazards None Known
Habitats Native to the temperate Northern Hemisphere. See individual species.
Range Hybrid
Edibility Rating    (5 of 5)
Other Uses    (5 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Corylus hybrids Hybrid & Neohybrids, Hazel, Filbert


Corylus hybrids Hybrid & Neohybrids, Hazel, Filbert

 

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Summary

Hazelnuts are among the best perennial protein and oil staple crops for temperate and boreal climates. Hybrids and neohybrid hazels are of increasing importance. Hazels are a genus of deciduous trees and large shrubs native to the temperate Northern Hemisphere. Species range from 3m to 25m in height and coppice well.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Corylus hybrids is a deciduous Shrub growing to 25 m (82ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid and very alkaline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Many. See individual species.

Habitats

Edible Uses

Carbon Farming Solutions - Staple Crop: protein-oil (The term staple crop typically refers to a food that is eaten routinely and accounts for a dominant part of people's diets in a particular region of the world). Hazelnuts are among the best perennial protein and oil staple crops for temperate and boreal climates. Hybrids and neohybrid hazels are of increasing importance [1-1].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


See individual species.

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Other Uses

Carbon Farming Solutions - Other Systems: woody agriculture. See individual species.

Special Uses

Food Forest

Cultivation details

Climate: boreal to warm temperate, Mediterranean. Humidity: semi-arid to humid. Carbon Farming Solutions - Cultivation: new crop. Management: standard, coppice (Describes the non-destructive management systems that are used in cultivation) [1-1].

Temperature Converter

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is harvested in autumn in a cold frame[164]. Germinates in late winter or spring. Stored seed should be pre-soaked in warm water for 48 hours and then given 2 weeks warm followed by 3 - 4 months cold stratification[164]. Germinates in 1 - 6 months at 20°c[164]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame or sheltered place outdoors for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer[K]. Layering in autumn. Easy, it takes about 6 months[78, 200]. Division of suckers in early spring. Very easy, they can be planted out straight into their permanent positions.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Corylus hybrids & neohybrids. Hazel. Filbert

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Temperate Northern Hemisphere

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Corylus americanaAmerican HazelTree3.0 4-8  LMHSNM312
Corylus avellanaCommon Hazel, Common filbert, European Filbert, Harry Lauder's Walking Stick, Corkscrew Hazel, HazelTree6.0 4-8 MLMHSNM525
Corylus avellana pontica Tree0.0 -  LMHSNM40 
Corylus chinensisChinese HazelTree24.0 5-9  LMHSNM20 
Corylus colurnaTurkish Hazel, Chinese hazelnut, Turkish Filbert, Turkish HazelTree20.0 4-7 SLMHSNM313
Corylus cornutaBeaked Hazel, California hazelnut, Turkish Filbert, Turkish HazelShrub3.0 4-7  LMHSNM313
Corylus cornuta californicaCalifornia HazelShrub8.0 4-8  LMHSNM304
Corylus fargesii Tree15.0 -  LMHSNM20 
Corylus feroxHimalayan Hazel, Tibetan hazelnutTree10.0 7-10  LMHSNM20 
Corylus heterophyllaSiberian FilbertTree7.0 4-8  LMHSNM314
Corylus hybrids & neohybridsHybrid & Neohybrids, Hazel, FilbertShrub25.0 4-9 MLMHSNM525
Corylus jacquemontiiIndian Tree HazelTree25.0 6-9  LMHSNM30 
Corylus maximaFilbert, Giant filbertShrub6.0 4-8  LMHSNM505
Corylus sieboldianaJapanese Hazel, Manchurian hazelShrub5.0 5-9  LMHSNM301
Corylus sieboldiana mandschuricaHairy hazel, Japanese hazelnut,Shrub4.5 5-9  LMHSNM301
Corylus tibetica Tree15.0 6-9  LMHSNM20 
Corylus x colurnoidesTrazelTree0.0 0-0  LMHSNM300
Corylus x vilmoriniiChinese TrazelTree25.0 4-8  LMHSNM20 

 

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