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Corydalis solida - (L.)Clairv.

Common Name Fumewort, Spring fumewort
Family Papaveraceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards The plant is poisonous[19, 65].
Habitats Woods, hedgerows[9], meadows, orchards and vineyards[13], usually on stony soils, avoiding calcareous soils[90].
Range Europe. Naturalized in Britain[17].
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade
Corydalis solida Fumewort, Spring fumewort


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Corydalis_solida_Sturm44.jpg
Corydalis solida Fumewort, Spring fumewort
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:BerndHCorydalis ternata

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Corydalis solida is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in) by 0.1 m (0ft 4in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf from March to July, in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

C. bulbosa. C. halleri.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Root.
Edible Uses:

Root - boiled[46, 61, 105, 115]. Rich in starch[2]. Some caution is advised, there is a report that the plant is toxic.

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anodyne;  Antibacterial;  Antispasmodic;  Hallucinogenic;  Nervine;  Sedative.

Fumewort has been used as a painkiller in Chinese medicine for over 1,000 years[238]. The tuber is anodyne, antibacterial, antispasmodic, hallucinogenic, nervine and sedative[9, 13, 238]. It is used internally as a sedative for insomnia and as a stimulant and painkiller, especially in painful menstruation, traumatic injury and lumbago[238]. It is also used for lowering the blood pressure[9, 13]. Research suggests that it also has an action in the thyroid and adrenal cortex[238]. The tuber should not be prescribed for pregnant women[238]. The tubers are harvested when the plant is dormant and are dried for later use[238].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Prefers a moist, well-drained rather light soil, thriving in semi-shade. Grows well in a woodland garden or peat bed. Increases well when grown in a bulb frame, but less freely when grown in the garden[90]. A very ornamental[1] and easily grown plant[129]. There are some named varieties[90]. Plants seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits[233].

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe, the seed rapidly loses viability if it is allowed to become dry[129]. Surface sow and keep moist, it usually germinates in 1 - 3 months at 15°c[164]. Germinates in spring according to another report[129]. Two months warm, then a cold stratification improves the germination of stored seed[134, 164]. Sow the seed thinly so that the seedlings can be allowed to grow undisturbed in the pot for their first year. Apply liquid feed at intervals during their growing season to ensure they are well fed. The seedlings only produce one leaf in their first year of growth[175] and are very prone to damping off[129]. Divide the seedlings into individual pots once they have become dormant and grow them on in a partially shaded area of a greenhouse for at least another year. Plant them out into their permanent positions when they are dormant. Division after flowering.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants

 

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Author

(L.)Clairv.

Botanical References

200

Links / References

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Subject : Corydalis solida  
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