We need to raise £10,000 from user donations to get our finances in balance. More >>>

Follow Us:

 

Coronilla varia - L.

Common Name Crown Vetch
Family Fabaceae or Leguminosae
USDA hardiness 4-9
Known Hazards The whole plant contains a toxic glycoside called coronillin[9, 13, 19, 65]. It is one of the most toxic plants growing in Britain[9].
Habitats Dry grassy places, railway embankments, roadsides etc[9].
Range Europe. Naturalized in Britain[17].
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Coronilla varia Crown Vetch


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cleaned-Illustration_Coronilla_varia.jpg
Coronilla varia Crown Vetch
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Ltshears

 

Translate this page:

You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box.

Summary

Bloom Color: Pink, White. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late spring. Form: Spreading or horizontal.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Coronilla varia is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from June to November, and the seeds ripen from August to November. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees.
It can fix Nitrogen.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Ground Cover;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Oil.
Edible Uses: Oil.

None known

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Cardiotonic;  Emetic;  Salve.

The whole plant, used either fresh or dried is a cardiotonic[9, 13]. It should be used with extreme caution, see the notes above on toxicity[9]. A decoction of the bark has been used as an emetic[257]. The crushed plant has been rubbed on rheumatic joints and cramps[257].

Other Uses

Insecticide;  Oil;  Soil stabilization.

Can be used as an insecticide[153]. No more details are given. A good ground cover and soil stabilizer for sunny banks and slopes[200, 208]. It grows rampantly and should not be grown with plants less than 1.8 metres tall[208].

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Erosion control, Ground cover. Prefers an open well-drained calcareous soil in a sunny position[1, 13, 111]. Tolerates poor soils[200]. Tolerates a pH in the range 4.8 to 7.2. A food plant for the caterpillars of many lepidoptera species[30]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200]. Special Features:Attractive foliage, Invasive, Naturalizing.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in situ as soon as it is ripe. The seed usually germinates in the autumn. Stored seed can be pre-soaked for 12 hours in warm water and then sown in situ in April[111]. Cuttings of half-ripe shoots with a heel, June/July in a frame. Can also be taken in spring[111]. Division in March[111]. Very easy, larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer or following spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Coronilla emerusScorpion Senna01
Coronilla scorpioidesAnnual Scorpion Vetch, Yellow crownvetch01

 

Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.

2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.

3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Coronilla varia  
All the information contained in these pages is Copyright (C) Plants For A Future, 1996-2012.
Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567,
Web Design & Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified (but some can). Please view the copyright link for more information.