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Cornus macrophylla - Wall.

Common Name Large-Leaf Dogwood
Family Cornaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Woodlands, 1200 - 1800 metres in W. China[109]. Slopes, by streams, dense forests, mixed woods and margins of woods from sea level to 3600 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan, Himalayas.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Cornus macrophylla Large-Leaf Dogwood


Cornus macrophylla Large-Leaf Dogwood

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Cornus macrophylla is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 10 m (32ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

C. brachypoda. Swida macrophylla.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy; Secondary;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[2, 105, 146, 158, 200, 218]. The fruit is about 6mm in diameter[200].

Medicinal Uses

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Anodyne  Astringent  Tonic

Anodyne, astringent, tonic[178]. The wood is anodyne and a uterosedative[218]. The stem bark is used in the treatment of dysentery[218].

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Other Uses

Charcoal  Wood

Wood - hard, close grained, warps badly[158]. It makes a good charcoal[146, 158].

Special Uses

Scented Plants

Cultivation details

An easily grown plant, it succeeds in any soil of good or moderate fertility[1], ranging from acid to shallow chalk[200]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Succeeds in full sun or light shade[[188]. A very ornamental tree[1]. There is some confusion between this species and C. controversa[11]. Plants usually fruit heavily in Britain[11]. The flowers have a soft sweet perfume[245]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame or in an outdoors seedbed if there is sufficient seed[80, 113]. The seed must be separated from the fruit flesh since this contains germination inhibitors[80, 164]. Stored seed should be cold stratified for 3 - 4 months and sown as early as possible in the year[164]. Scarification may also help as may a period of warm stratification before the cold stratification[80, 164]. Germination, especially of stored seed, can be very slow, taking 18 months or more[164]. Prick out the seedlings of cold-frame sown seeds into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow the plants on for their first winter in a greenhouse, planting out in the spring after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe side shoots, July/August in a frame[188]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, taken with a heel if possible, autumn in a cold frame. High percentage[78]. Layering of new growth in June/July. Takes 9 months[78].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Cornus albaTartarian DogwoodShrub3.0 3-7 FLMHSNMwe00 
Cornus alternifoliaGreen Osier, Alternateleaf dogwood, Alternate Leaf Dogwood, Golden Shadows Pagoda Dogwood, Green OsiShrub6.0 3-8 FLMHNDM02 
Cornus amomumSilky DogwoodShrub3.0 4-8 MLMHSNM12 
Cornus asperifolia drummondiiRoughleaf DogwoodShrub4.0 5-9 FLMHNM00 
Cornus australis Shrub4.0 6-9  LMHSNM10 
Cornus canadensisCreeping Dogwood, Bunchberry dogwood, BunchberryPerennial0.3 2-7 FLMHSNM422
Cornus capitataBentham's CornelTree12.0 7-10 MLMHSNM41 
Cornus chinensis Tree10.0 7-10  LMHSNM23 
Cornus controversaGiant Dogwood, Wedding Cake Tree,Tree15.0 5-8 FLMHSNM21 
Cornus coreana Tree20.0 5-9  LMHSNM00 
Cornus elliptica Tree10.0 7-10 MLMHSNM41 
Cornus floridaFlowering DogwoodShrub6.0 5-9 MLMHSNM223
Cornus hemsleyi Shrub4.0 -  LMHSNM00 
Cornus hongkongensis Shrub15.0 -  LMHSNM10 
Cornus iberica Shrub4.0 -  LMHSNM20 
Cornus kousaJapanese Dogwood, Kousa dogwood, Chinese Dogwood,Tree10.0 5-8 SLMHSNM502
Cornus kousa chinensisJapanese DogwoodTree10.0 5-8  LMHSNM502
Cornus masCornelian Cherry, Cornelian Cherry DogwoodShrub5.0 4-8 MLMHSNM423
Cornus monbeigii Shrub5.0 6-9  LMHSNM12 
Cornus multinervosa Tree8.0 -  LMHSNM20 
Cornus nuttalliiMountain Dogwood, Pacific dogwood, Western DogwoodTree10.0 6-8 MLMHSNDM12 
Cornus oblonga Tree6.0 8-11  LMHSNM030
Cornus occidentalisWestern DogwoodShrub6.0 5-9  LMHSNM11 
Cornus officinalisShan Zhu Yu, Asiatic dogwood, Japanese Cornel DogwoodShrub10.0 5-8 MLMHSNM430
Cornus poliophylla Shrub4.0 6-9  LMHSNM12 
Cornus quinquenervis Shrub3.0 4-8  LMHSNM20 
Cornus rugosaRound-Leaved DogwoodShrub3.0 4-8  LMHSNDM01 
Cornus sanguineaDogwood, Bloodtwig dogwoodShrub3.0 4-8  LMHSNM21 
Cornus sericeaRed Osier Dogwood, Western dogwoodShrub2.5 2-7 FLMHSNMWe224
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