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Convolvulus arvensis - L.

Common Name Field Bindweed
Family Convolvulaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Hedgerows, fields, waste places, fences etc[7, 100], it can be a troublesome weed of agriculture.
Range Throughout the temperate regions of both Hemishperes, including Britain.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (1 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Convolvulus arvensis Field Bindweed


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Convolvulus arvensis Field Bindweed
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Farbenfreude

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Convolvulus arvensis is a PERENNIAL CLIMBER growing to 2 m (6ft 7in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower from June to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

 Hedgerow;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Condiment

The plant has been used as a flavouring in a liqueur called 'Noyeau'[2]. No details are given as to which part of the plant is used[K].

Medicinal Uses

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Cholagogue  Diuretic  Laxative  Purgative  Stings  Women's complaints

The root, and also a resin made from the root, is cholagogue, diuretic, laxative and strongly purgative[4, 7. 9. 13, 240]. The dried root contains 4.9% resin[240]. The juice of the root is used in the treatment of fevers[272]. A tea made from the flowers is laxative and is also used in the treatment of fevers and wounds[222]. A cold tea made from the leaves is laxative and is also used as a wash for spider bites or taken internally to reduce excessive menstrual flow[222, 257].

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Other Uses

Dye  String

The stem is used as a twine for tying up plants etc[6, 99]. It is fairly flexible and strong but not long-lasting. A green dye is obtained from the whole plant[168].

Cultivation details

Prefers a lighter basic soil[17] of low to medium fertility[200]. Bindweed is a very deep-rooting plant with a vigorous root system that extends to a considerable distance and is very hard to eradicate from the soil. Even a small piece of the root will grow into a new plant if it is left in the ground. Once established this plant soon becomes a pernicious weed[1, 4]. It is a climbing plant that supports itself by twining around any support it can find and can soon swamp and strangle other plants[4]. The flowers close at night and also during rainy weather[4]. Although visited by numerous insects, the flowers seldom set fertile seed[4]. On sunny days the flowers diffuse a scent of heliotrope[245]. The plant harbours tobacco mosaic virus of the Solanaceae[13] and so should not be grown near potatoes, tomatoes and other members of that family.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown in situ as soon as it is ripe, it germinates in the autumn[164]. This species can become a real pest in the garden so it is unwise to encourage it.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

bindweed, chardvel. Spanish: campanilla; correguela. French: liseron des champs; petit lizet. Portuguese: corriola. Germany: Ackerwinde. India: Bhoomi chakra poondu; Hirankhuri; Pohi. Iran: Pichak. Iraq: Illake. Italy: Vilucchio dei campi. Japan: Seiyo hirugao. Mexico: Correlunela. Myanmar: Kauk-yo-nive. Netherlands: Akkerwinde. Sweden: Aakervinda. Thailand: Phak-bung-ruam.

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

This taxon has not yet been assessed

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

This plant can be weedy or invasive. Field bindweed intertwines and topples native species. It competes with other species for sunlight, moisture and nutrients. It is noted as invasive in 22 US States. A serious weed in temperate and Mediterranean environments but has a lesser impact in tropical regions.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Convolvulus erubescensAustralian Bindweed, Pinkflower bindweed01
Convolvulus scammoniaScammony02
Convolvulus tricolorDwarf Morning Glory, Bush Morning Glory00
Polygonum convolvulusBlack Bindweed10

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

17200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

   Thu Dec 30 07:14:24 2004

This plant is found in Malta/Mediterranean basin/Europe

More comprehensive details, medicinal properties, uses, botanical data, plant description and photogallery of high resolutions photos of this plant can be seen on an interesting website about the wild plants of Malta: www.maltawildplants.com

Link: Malta Wild Plants Website and photography by Stephen Mifsud, Malta

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