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Clematis orientalis - L.

Common Name Oriental virginsbower
Family Ranunculaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards Although no reports of toxicity have been seen for this species, some if not all members of this genus are mildly poisonous. The toxic principle is dissipated by heat or by drying[65].
Habitats Hot dry valleys, especially on rocks by rivers, and in scrub to 3000 metres[184]. River banks, riparian forests, scrub gullies, slopes and sand depressions in semi-desert and desert zones[74].
Range W. Asia - Turkey and westwards.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (1 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Clematis orientalis Oriental virginsbower


L.L. Berry, , Bugwood.org
Clematis orientalis Oriental virginsbower

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of climber
Clematis orientalis is a deciduous Climber growing to 4 m (13ft 1in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from August to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Ground Cover;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antiseptic;  Refrigerant.

The plant is antiseptic and refrigerant. It is used as a gargle for ulcerated throats and also to treat dog bites[178].

Other Uses

Plants can be used as ground cover[208]. They grow rapidly to give a tangled mass of growth in sun or moderate shade[197].

Cultivation details

Prefers a deep moist soil with its roots in the shade[11, 200]. Dislikes poorly-drained heavy clay soils, but grows well in clay if grit is added for drainage[11, 200]. Dislikes light sandy soils[11]. Does well on chalk[1]. Succeeds in acid as well as alkaline soils[200]. Plants are hardy to about -15°c[184]. A twining plant[182]. The leafstalks wrap themselves around twigs and branches for support. When a side of the stalk touches an object, the growth on that side slows down whilst the other side grows at its normal rate - this causes the leaf stalk to entwine the object it is touching[212]. When planting out, in order to avoid the disease 'clematis wilt', it is best to plant the rootball about 8cm deeper in the soil. This will also serve to build up a good root crown of growth buds[200]. Flowers are produced on the current season's growth, any pruning is best carried out in spring[219]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. Plants seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits[233]. A greedy plant, inhibiting the growth of nearby plants, especially legumes[54]. The flowers have a delicate perfume similar to cowslips[245].

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[164, 200]. Sow stored seed as soon as it is obtained in a cold frame. Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and remove as much of the tail and outer coat as possible[164]. A period of cold stratification is beneficial[164]. The seed germinates in 1 - 9 months or more at 20°c[164]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Internodal cuttings of soft to semi-ripe wood, late spring in sandy soil in a frame[200]. Layering of old stems in late winter or early spring[200]. Layering of current seasons growth in early summer[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Chinese clematis, Oriental virginsbower, orange peel, and orange peel clematis.

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

This plant can be weedy or invasive. A noxious weed in Colorado, USA.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Clematis alternata 01
Clematis apiifolia 12
Clematis barbellata 02
Clematis brachyura 10
Clematis buchananiana 12
Clematis chinensisWei Ling Xian12
Clematis columbianaRock Clematis01
Clematis connata 01
Clematis douglasiiHairy Clematis01
Clematis flammulaFragrant Virgin's Bower, Fragrant clematis10
Clematis ianthina 10
Clematis ligusticifoliaWhite Clematis, Western white clematis, California clematis,02
Clematis mandschurica 02
Clematis microphyllaHeadachevine01
Clematis patens 10
Clematis pierotii 10
Clematis rectaGround virginsbower11
Clematis serratifolia 10
Clematis ternifloraSennin-So, Sweet autumn virginsbower, Sweet Autumn Clematis, Fall Clematis11
Clematis tibetana 02
Clematis trichotoma 10
Clematis vitalbaTraveller's Joy, Evergreen clematis12

 

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Botanical References

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