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Clematis flammula - L.

Common Name Fragrant Virgin's Bower, Fragrant clematis
Family Ranunculaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards All parts of the plant are poisonous, the toxic principle is dissipated by heat or by drying[65].
Habitats Hedges, thickets and waste places[89].
Range S. Europe. An infrequent casual in Britain[17].
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Clematis flammula Fragrant Virgin


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Clematis flammula Fragrant Virgin
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of climber
Clematis flammula is a deciduous Climber growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in leaf 12-Mar It is in flower from Aug to October, and the seeds ripen from Oct to January. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, flies. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.

Synonyms

Habitats

Dappled Shade;  Shady Edge;  Woodland Garden.

Hedges, thickets and waste places[89].

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves.
Edible Uses:

Young shoots - cooked[2, 105, 177]. Some caution is advised due to reports of toxicity[K].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

Plants can be grown as ground cover, planted about 1.2 metres apart and allowed to scramble over the ground[208].

Cultivation details

Prefers a deep moist well-drained soil with its roots in the shade[182, 200]. Dislikes poorly-drained heavy clay soils, but grows well in clay if grit is added for drainage[11, 200]. Dislikes light sandy soils[11]. Does well on chalk[1]. Succeeds in acid as well as alkaline soils[200]. Thrives in exposed positions[182]. Plants are hardy to about -15°c[202]. A twining plant[182], it is fast growing[202]. The leafstalks wrap themselves around twigs and branches for support. When a side of the stalk touches an object, the growth on that side slows down whilst the other side grows at its normal rate - this causes the leaf stalk to entwine the object it is touching[212]. When planting out, in order to avoid the disease 'clematis wilt', it is best to plant the rootball about 8cm deeper in the soil. This will also serve to build up a good root crown of growth buds[200]. A very ornamental plant[1], the flowers are very fragrant[202]. They have a pronounced smell of meadowsweet, almost too powerful when inhaled close-up[245]. They are produced on the current season's growth and so any pruning of the plant is best carried out in the spring before new growth begins[219]. Plants rarely produce fertile seed in Britain[219]. A greedy plant, inhibiting the growth of nearby plants, especially legumes[54]. Plants seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits[233]. This species is notably resistant to honey fungus[88, 200].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[164, 200]. Sow stored seed as soon as it is obtained in a cold frame. Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and remove as much of the tail and outer coat as possible[164]. A period of cold stratification is beneficial[164]. The seed germinates in 1 - 9 months or more at 20°c[164]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Internodal cuttings of soft to semi-ripe wood, late spring in sandy soil in a frame[200]. Cuttings of half-ripe inter-nodal cuttings, June/July in a frame[202]. Layering of old stems in late winter or early spring[200]. Layering of current seasons growth in early summer[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Clematis alternata 01
Clematis apiifolia 12
Clematis barbellata 02
Clematis brachyura 10
Clematis buchananiana 12
Clematis chinensisWei Ling Xian12
Clematis columbianaRock Clematis01
Clematis connata 01
Clematis douglasiiHairy Clematis01
Clematis ianthina 10
Clematis ligusticifoliaWhite Clematis, Western white clematis, California clematis,02
Clematis mandschurica 02
Clematis microphyllaHeadachevine01
Clematis orientalisOriental virginsbower01
Clematis patens 10
Clematis pierotii 10
Clematis rectaGround virginsbower11
Clematis serratifolia 10
Clematis ternifloraSennin-So, Sweet autumn virginsbower, Sweet Autumn Clematis, Fall Clematis11
Clematis tibetana 02
Clematis trichotoma 10
Clematis vitalbaTraveller's Joy, Evergreen clematis12

 

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Botanical References

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Subject : Clematis flammula  
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