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Cirsium oligophyllum - (Franch.&Sav.)Matsum.

Common Name
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats In sunny grasslands and along temperate forest margins at elevations of 20 - 1200 metres[275].
Range E. Asia - central Japan.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Moist Soil Full sun
Cirsium oligophyllum


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:E-190
Cirsium oligophyllum

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Cirsium oligophyllum is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). It is in flower from August to October, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers  Leaves  Oil  Root
Edible Uses: Oil

Young leaves - cooked[177]. Added to soups or fried[183]. Root - cooked[177]. The roots are slender with scarcely developed rhizomes[275]. They are scraped into pieces, steeped in water and preserved in miso[183]. The root is likely to be rich in inulin, a starch that cannot be digested by humans. This starch thus passes straight through the digestive system and, in some people, ferments to produce flatulence[K]. The flower heads are fried or used in salads[183].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

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Other Uses

Oil

The seed of all species of thistles yields a good oil by expression[4]. No details of potential yields etc are given[K].

Special Uses

Cultivation details

We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors in many parts of this country. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. An easily grown plant, succeeding in any ordinary garden soil in a sunny position[200].

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Propagation

Seed - sow early spring or autumn in situ. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 8 weeks at 20°c[164]. Division in spring or autumn.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Cirsium acaulonStemless ThistlePerennial0.3 4-8  LMHNM01 
Cirsium amplexifoliumDakiba-Hime-AzamiPerennial1.5 -  LMHNM10 
Cirsium arvenseCreeping Thistle, Canada thistlePerennial0.9 4-7 FLMHNM221
Cirsium brevicaule Perennial1.0 -  LMHNM10 
Cirsium brevistylumIndian Thistle, Clustered thistlePerennial1.8 0-0  LMHSNM30 
Cirsium buergeri Perennial1.8 -  LMHNM10 
Cirsium chinense Perennial0.8 -  LMHNM10 
Cirsium coreanum Perennial0.0 -  LMHSNM10 
Cirsium dipsacolepis Perennial1.0 -  LMHNM10 
Cirsium eatoniEaton's ThistlePerennial0.5 -  LMHNDM11 
Cirsium eduleEdible ThistlePerennial2.0 6-9  LMHNM30 
Cirsium eriophorumWooly ThistleBiennial1.5 5-9  LMHNM20 
Cirsium foliosumElk thistlePerennial0.6 5-9  LMHNMWe302
Cirsium hookerianumWhite ThistlePerennial1.5 -  LMHNM20 
Cirsium japonicumNo-Azami, Japanese thistleBiennial/Perennial0.9 5-9  LMHNM222
Cirsium kamtschaticumKamchatka thistlePerennial1.8 0-0  LMHNM10 
Cirsium lepskyle Perennial0.0 -  LMHNM10 
Cirsium lineare Perennial1.0 -  LMHNM10 
Cirsium maackii Perennial1.0 -  LMHNM10 
Cirsium maritimum Perennial0.4 -  LMHNM10 
Cirsium nipponicum Perennial1.5 -  LMHNM11 
Cirsium occidentaleCobwebby Thistle, Snowy thistle, Compact cobwebby thistlePerennial1.0 8-11  LMHNDM20 
Cirsium ochrocentrumYellow Spined ThistlePerennial1.5 0-0  LMHNDM222
Cirsium oleraceumCabbage ThistlePerennial1.2 -  LMHSNMWe20 
Cirsium pallidumPale ThistlePerennial0.0 -  LMHNM11 
Cirsium palustreMarsh ThistleBiennial1.5 4-8  LMHSNMWe20 
Cirsium pectinellum Perennial1.5 -  LMHNM10 
Cirsium pendulum Biennial1.8 -  LMHNM10 
Cirsium purpuratum Perennial1.0 -  LMHNM10 
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Expert comment

Author

(Franch.&Sav.)Matsum.

Botanical References

58275

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

beanangel   Sun May 31 2009

Cirsium oligophyllum is reported as a slimness drug orally as well as topically at a peer reviewed science journal I believe it is legal to reproduce entire pubmed listings Body fat mass reduction and up-regulation of uncoupling protein by novel lipolysis-promoting plant extract.Mori S, Satou M, Kanazawa S, Yoshizuka N, Hase T, Tokimitsu I, Takema Y, Nishizawa Y, Yada T. Biological Science Laboratories, Kao Corporation, 2606 Akabane, Ichikai-Machi, Haga-gun, Tochigi 321-3497, Japan. mori.shinobu@kao.co.jp We have found natural products exhibiting lipolysis-promoting activity in subcutaneous adipocytes, which are less sensitive to hormones than visceral adipocytes. The activities and a action mechanisms of a novel plant extract of Cirsium oligophyllum (CE) were investigated in isolated adipocytes from rat subcutaneous fat, and its fat-reducing effects by peroral administration and topical application were evaluated in vivo. CE-induced lipolysis was synergistically enhanced by caffeine, a phosphodiesterase inhibitor, and was reduced by propranolol, a beta adrenergic antagonist. The peroral administration of 10% CE solution to Wistar rats for 32 days reduced body weight gain, subcutaneous, and visceral fat weights by 6.6, 26.2, and 3.0%, respectively, as compared to the control group. By the topical application of 2% of this extract to rats for 7 days, weight of subcutaneous fat in the treated skin was reduced by 23.2%. This fat mass reduction was accompanied by the up-regulation of uncoupling protein 1 (UCP), a principal thermogenic mitochondrial molecule related to energy dissipating, in subcutaneous fat and UCP3 in skin except for the fat layer. These results indicate that CE promotes lipolysis via a mechanism involving the beta adrenergic receptor, and affects the body fat mass. This fat reduction may be partially due to UCP up-regulation in the skin including subcutaneous fat. This is the first report showing that repeated lipolysis promotion through CE administration may be beneficial for the systematic suppression of body fat accumulation or the control of fat distribution in obesity.

pubmed medical database of peer reviewed literature

Jp Rosali   Wed Jan 13 2010

hallo,I am an italian medical Herbalist ,I would like to know to whom I can Refer to order some Cirsium Oligophyllum . Thanks a lot Gian Paolo Rosali

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