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Chrysanthemum coronarium spatiosum - L.H.Bailey.

Common Name Chop-Suey Greens
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Cultivated ground and waste places[50].
Range S. Europe.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Chrysanthemum coronarium spatiosum Chop-Suey Greens


Chrysanthemum coronarium spatiosum Chop-Suey Greens

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Chrysanthemum coronarium spatiosum is a ANNUAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft).
It is not frost tender. It is in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies, beetles, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers  Leaves
Edible Uses:

Young shoots and stems - raw or cooked[34, 46, 61, 105, 116]. Strongly aromatic[183, 200], they are used as a flavouring or as a vegetable[206]. Cooked leaves become bitter if overcooked at a high temperature[206]. Young leaves are excellent in salads[206]. The leaves quickly wilt once they have been picked so it is best to harvest them as required[206]. They contain about 1.85% protein, 0.43% fat, 2.57% carbohydrate, 0.98% ash[179]. They are rich in vitamin B1, contain a moderate content of vitamin C and a little vitamin A[179]. Flowers - raw[116]. Blanched briefly and added to salads[183]. The centre of the flower is bitter so only the petals are normally used[206]. A fragrant pickle known as 'kikumi' is made from the petals in Japan[183].

Medicinal Uses

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Aromatic  Bitter  Expectorant  Purgative  Stomachic  VD

The leaves are expectorant and stomachic[218]. In conjunction with black pepper it is used in the treatment of gonorrhoea[240]. The flowers are aromatic, bitter and stomachic[240]. They are used as a substitute for camomile (Chamaemelum nobile)[240]. The bark is purgative, it is used in the treatment of syphilis[240].

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Other Uses

Repellent

Possibly a good companion plant, protecting neighbouring plants from caterpillars etc. There is a report that secretions from the roots can be effective in controlling nematodes in the soil, but this has not been substantiated[206].

Cultivation details

Succeeds in ordinary garden soil[1], but it prefers a well-drained fertile soil in full sun[200, 206]. It will tolerate light shade in the summer[206]. Tolerates a pH in the range 5.2 to 7.5. Plants do not grow well at temperatures above 25°c, tending to become bitter in hot weather[206]. Plants withstand light frosts[206]. Chop suey greens are commonly cultivated as a vegetable in the Orient and are becoming better known in the West[200]. There are many named varieties[183]. It takes 4 - 5 weeks from sowing the seed to the first harvest when plants are grown on the cut and come again principle[206]. Plants often self-sow when they are well-sited and the soil is disturbed by hoeing etc[K].

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Propagation

Seed - surface-sow in spring to early autumn in situ. The seed usually germinates within 10 - 18 days at 15°c[206]. Successional sowings can be made at intervals of a few weeks in order to ensure a constant supply of young plants[206]. Autumn sowings succeed in mild areas[164]. An autumn sowing under cover will often supply leaves all winter[206].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Artemisia vulgarisMugwort, Common wormwood, Felon Herb, Chrysanthemum Weed, Wild Wormwood23
Chrysanthemum carinatumTricolor Chrysanthemum, Painted Daisy, Summer Chrysanthemum20
Chrysanthemum coronariumChop-Suey Greens32
Chrysanthemum marshallii 00
Chrysanthemum segetumCorn Marigold10
Dendranthema indicumChrysanthemum23
Dendranthema x grandiflorumChrysanthemum, Cut Mum, Garden Mum, Pot Mum, Florist's Chrysanthemum23
Leucanthemum maximumShasta Daisy, Max chrysanthemum00

 

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Author

L.H.Bailey.

Botanical References

50200

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