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Chrysanthemum coccineum - (Willd.)Grierson.

Common Name Pyrethrum, Pyrethum daisy, Persian Insect Flower, Painted Daisy
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness 4-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Sunny dry mountainous habitats[169]. Sub-alpine meadows in the Caucasus[187].
Range W. Asia to the Caucasus.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Chrysanthemum coccineum Pyrethrum, Pyrethum daisy, Persian Insect Flower,  Painted Daisy


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Koeh-035.jpg
Chrysanthemum coccineum Pyrethrum, Pyrethum daisy, Persian Insect Flower,  Painted Daisy
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tanacetum_coccineum2.jpg

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: Pink, Red, White. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late spring. Form: Upright or erect.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Chrysanthemum coccineum is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower from July to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Chrysanthemum coccineum. Willd. C. roseum. Pyrethrum roseum.

Habitats

Edible Uses

None known

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References

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Other Uses

The dried flower heads are used as an insecticide[46, 61, 114, 169, 171], they are a source of the commercially available insecticide 'pyrethrum', which is non-toxic to mammals[238]. This species is less effective than T. cinerariifolium[238]. Only the yellow disk rays contain pyrethrins[169]. Once dried, the flowers or the powder retain their insecticidal properties almost indefinitely[238].

Special Uses

References

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Foundation, Massing, Rock garden. Succeeds in most soils so long as they are not very heavy or wet[200]. Thrives in full sun but also succeeds in light dappled shade though it flowers less well in such a situation[200]. Another report says that it requires a sunny position in a well-drained alkaline or neutral soil[169]. Prefers a slightly acid sandy soil[187]. Tolerates a pH in the range 5.2 to 7. A very ornamental plant[1], there are many named forms selected for their ornamental value[187, 200]. Very suitable for naturalizing in a summer meadow. Special Features: Attractive foliage, Fragrant foliage, Attracts butterflies, Suitable for cut flowers, Suitable for dried flowers.

References

Temperature Converter

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Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse. Only just cover the seed and do not allow the pot to dry out. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots once they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer. Division in spring. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is best to pot up smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse or cold frame until they are growing away well. Plant them out in the summer or the following spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Artemisia vulgarisMugwort, Common wormwood, Felon Herb, Chrysanthemum Weed, Wild WormwoodPerennial1.2 3-9 FLMHSNDM231
Chrysanthemum carinatumTricolor Chrysanthemum, Painted Daisy, Summer ChrysanthemumAnnual0.6 0-0 FLMHSNM20 
Chrysanthemum coronariumChop-Suey GreensAnnual1.2 0-0  LMHSNM320
Chrysanthemum coronarium spatiosumChop-Suey GreensAnnual1.2 0-0  LMHSNM320
Chrysanthemum marshallii Perennial0.0 -  LMHSNM00 
Chrysanthemum segetumCorn MarigoldAnnual0.5 -  LMHSNM10 
Dendranthema indicumChrysanthemumPerennial0.6 5-9  LMHNM23 
Dendranthema x grandiflorumChrysanthemum, Cut Mum, Garden Mum, Pot Mum, Florist's ChrysanthemumPerennial1.5 5-10 MLMHNM23 
Leucanthemum maximumShasta Daisy, Max chrysanthemumPerennial0.8 5-9  LMHNM00 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Expert comment

Author

(Willd.)Grierson.

Botanical References

200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

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