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Chenopodium murale - L.

Common Name Nettleleaf Goosefoot
Family Chenopodiaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards The leaves and seeds of all members of this genus are more or less edible. However, many of the species in this genus contain saponins, though usually in quantities too small to do any harm. Although toxic, saponins are poorly absorbed by the body and most pass straight through without any problem. They are also broken down to a large extent in the cooking process. Saponins are found in many foods, such as some beans. Saponins are much more toxic to some creatures, such as fish, and hunting tribes have traditionally put large quantities of them in streams, lakes etc in order to stupefy or kill the fish[K]. The plants also contain some oxalic acid, which in large quantities can lock up some of the nutrients in the food. However, even considering this, they are very nutritious vegetables in reasonable quantities. Cooking the plants will reduce their content of oxalic acid. People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones or hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet since it can aggravate their condition[238].
Habitats Dunes and in waste places, especially on light soils[17].
Range Europe, including Britain, from Sweden south and east to N. Africa, southwest and southern Asia.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (1 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Moist Soil Full sun
Chenopodium murale Nettleleaf Goosefoot


http://www.hear.org/starr/
Chenopodium murale Nettleleaf Goosefoot
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Ies

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Chenopodium murale is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft). It is in flower from July to October, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves;  Seed.
Edible Uses:

Leaves and young shoots - raw or cooked as a spinach[61, 74, 94, 105, 177, 183, 257, 272]. The raw leaves should only be eaten in small quantities, see the notes above on toxicity. Seed - cooked. It can be ground into a powder and mixed with wheat or other cereals and used in making bread etc[74, 161, 183, 257]. The seed is small and fiddly, it should be soaked in water overnight and thoroughly rinsed before it is used in order to remove any saponins.

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

Dye.

Gold/green dyes can be obtained from the whole plant[168].

Cultivation details

An easily grown plant, succeeding in most soils but disliking shade[1, 200]. It prefers a moderately fertile soil[200].

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in situ. Most of the seed usually germinates within a few days of sowing.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Nettle-leaved Goosefoot, Australian-spinach, salt-green, sowbane. Bahu, Cenizo de muro, Green fat hen, Hediondilla, Kachiyuyo, Kalo bethe, Khabeetha, Khad-bathal, Kharatua, Khobaitha, Kurund, Lampato, Quelete de Puerco, Quinoa negra, Quinguilla, Serua, Sowbane, Yuyu negro,

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Africa, Angola, Argentina, Asia, Australia, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bolivia, Central Africa, Central America, Chile, Chad, Congo, Dominican Republic, East Africa, Egypt, Europe*, Ghana, Haiti, India, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco, Norfolk Island, North Africa, North America, Oman, Pacific, Papua New Guinea, PNG, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Socotra, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Southern Africa, Swaziland, Tasmania, United Arab Emirates, UAE, Uruguay, USA, West Africa, West Indies, Western Sahara, Yemen, Zimbabwe.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

This plant can be weedy or invasive. A common weed of fields and roadsides. A noted weed parts of western USA.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Chenopodium acuminatum 20
Chenopodium albumFat Hen, Lambsquarters32
Chenopodium ambrosioidesMexican Tea23
Chenopodium ambrosioides anthelminticumWormseed23
Chenopodium auricomumQueensland Bluebush20
Chenopodium berlandieriSouthern Huauzontle, Pitseed goosefoot, Nuttall's goosefoot, Bush's goosefoot, Zschack's goosefoot20
Chenopodium bonus-henricusGood King Henry42
Chenopodium botrysJerusalem Oak, Jerusalem oak goosefoot22
Chenopodium bushianumBush's goosefoot20
Chenopodium californicumCalifornia Goosefoot21
Chenopodium canihua 20
Chenopodium capitatumStrawberry Blite, Blite goosefoot31
Chenopodium cristatumCrested Goosefoot21
Chenopodium ficifoliumFig-Leaved Goosefoot20
Chenopodium foliosumLeafy goosefoot30
Chenopodium fremontiiGoosefoot, Fremont's goosefoot, Pringle's goosefoot20
Chenopodium giganteumTree Spinach30
Chenopodium glaucumOak-Leaved Goosefoot20
Chenopodium graveolensFoetid Goosefoot21
Chenopodium hybridum 21
Chenopodium incanumMealy Goosefoot20
Chenopodium leptophyllumNarrow Leaved Goosefoot20
Chenopodium nuttalliaeHuauzontle, Nuttall's goosefoot40
Chenopodium opulifoliumSeaport goosefoot20
Chenopodium overiOver's goosefoot20
Chenopodium pallidicauleCañihua30
Chenopodium polyspermumAll-Seed, Manyseed goosefoot20
Chenopodium pratericolaDesert Goosefoot20
Chenopodium quinoaQuinoa, Goosefoot, Pigweed, Inca Wheat50
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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

17

Links / References

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Readers comment

Mohammad Imran   Thu Jun 15 2006

The site/page give useful information about the plants. There is no chemical composition of Chenopodium murale although it has been widely explored for its nutrient conten.

Mohammad Imran   Thu Jun 15 2006

The site/page gives useful information about the plants. There is no chemical composition of Chenopodium murale although it has been widely explored for its nutrient contents.

Mohammad Imran   Thu Jun 15 2006

The site/page give useful information about the plants. There is no chemical composition of Chenopodium murale although it has been widely explored for its nutrient contents.

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