We need to raise £10,000 from user donations to get our finances in balance. More >>>

Follow Us:

 

Chamaelirium luteum - (L.)A.Gray.

Common Name Blazing Star - Unicorn Root - Devil's Bit, Fairywand
Family Melanthiaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards This plant is a cardiac toxin in large quantities[4]. Large doses may cause nausea & vomiting. Chamaelirium luteum is an emmenagogue (promotes menstruation) so best avoided during pregnancy [301].
Habitats Low moist ground[4] in meadows, thickets and rich woods[43].
Range Eastern N. America - New York to Florida, west to Arkansas, Illinois and Michigan.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (3 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Chamaelirium luteum Blazing Star - Unicorn Root - Devil


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Phyzome
Chamaelirium luteum Blazing Star - Unicorn Root - Devil
USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Vol. 1: 489.

 

Translate this page:

You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box.

Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Chamaelirium luteum is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.3 m (1ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. It is in flower from May to June. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). . The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils. Suitable pH: acid soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

C. carolinianum. Helonias dioica. H. lutea. Veratrum luteum.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Adaptogen;  Diuretic;  Emetic;  Tonic;  Uterine tonic;  Vermifuge.

Blazing star is a traditional remedy of the North American Indians where it was used mainly as a woman's herb[254]. It is widely used in Western herbal medicine where it is seen as a balancing herb for the female reproductive system and has proved to be a beneficial remedy for menstrual problems and ovarian cysts - it can also be of help in the menopause[254]. The root is adaptogen, diuretic, emetic, uterine tonic and vermifuge[4, 46, 61, 105, 238]. Small doses of the dried and powdered root are used[222]. It is employed in the treatment of amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea and leucorrhoea[207] and also for a variety of ailments associated with the male and female reproductive organs[222]. It should be used with caution since an excess causes vomiting[238]. The root is harvested in the autumn and dried for later use[238].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Requires a moist fertile humus-rich acidic soil in sun or light dappled shade[1, 200]. Prefers a cool peaty soil[233]. Plants are dioecious, male and female plants must be grown if seed is required[270].

image

The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

Shop Now

Propagation

Seed - sow as soon as it is ripe just below the surface of a peat/sand mix in pots in a cold frame[164]. Keep cool and moist. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 6 months at 10°c[164]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in pots plunged in a nursery bed for 1 - 2 years, giving protection from severe weather. Plant out in spring when the plants are large enough[164]. Division.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants

 

Print Friendly and PDF

Expert comment

Author

(L.)A.Gray.

Botanical References

43200270

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

D   Fri Aug 31 2007

I have had 6 pregnancies, and the only one that did not end in a miscarriage (at 6 weeks), was when I had taken this herb prior to a positive pregnancy test.

QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.

2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.

3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Chamaelirium luteum  
All the information contained in these pages is Copyright (C) Plants For A Future, 1996-2012.
Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567,
Web Design & Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified (but some can). Please view the copyright link for more information.