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Chaenomeles x superba - Rehder.

Common Name Dwarf Quince, Flowering Quince
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 5-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Not known in the wild.
Range A hybrid of garden origin, C. japonica x C. speciosa.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun
Chaenomeles x superba Dwarf Quince, Flowering Quince


http://flickr.com/photos/34008858@N06
Chaenomeles x superba Dwarf Quince, Flowering Quince
http://flickr.com/photos/28567825@N03

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: Salmon. Main Bloom Time: Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Spreading or horizontal.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Chaenomeles x superba is a deciduous Shrub growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 2 m (6ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from February to June, and the seeds ripen in October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade; Ground Cover; Hedge;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit - very harsh and acid raw but fragrant when cooked. Used for jams, jellies etc and as a flavouring with cooked apples[K]. The fruit can be apple or pear-shaped and up to 6cm long x 6cm wide[200].

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References

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An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Hedge  Hedge

Plants can be grown to make a medium sized hedge[200]. Some cultivars, such as 'Crimson and Gold' produce suckers prolifically and are suitable for ground cover[182].

Special Uses

Attracts Wildlife  Food Forest  Ground cover  Hedge  Hedge

References

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Border, Erosion control, Ground cover, Massing, Woodland garden. Easily cultivated in any reasonably good soil[1, 11]. Prefers a deep moist well-drained loam[11]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Tolerates full shade but requires a sunny position for best fruit production[3, 11, 200]. Becomes chlorotic on very alkaline soils[200]. Tolerates atmospheric pollution[200]. Plants are hardy to about -25°c[200]. A very ornamental plant, there are many named varieties[200, 202]. A good bee plant, flowering early in the year and providing pollen and nectar[108]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. Special Features:Not North American native, Attractive flowers or blooms. In garden design, as well as the above-ground architecture of a plant, root structure considerations help in choosing plants that work together for their optimal soil requirements including nutrients and water. The root pattern is branching: a heart root, dividing from the crown into several primary roots going down and out [2-1].

References

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

image

The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a sheltered position outdoors or in a cold frame[200]. Sow stored seed in February in a greenhouse[78]. Germination usually takes place within 6 weeks[78]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle. If well grown, these seedling can be large enough to plant out in the summer, but give them some protection in their first winter. Otherwise plant them out in late spring of the following year[K]. This species is a hybrid and so will not breed true from seed. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[11]. Easy[113]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, November in a cold frame. Layering in late spring or in autumn. This is a sure and easy method, though it takes 12 months[78, 200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Australia,

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Chaenomeles cathayensisChinese QuinceShrub3.0 4-8  LMHSNM420
Chaenomeles japonicaDwarf Quince, Maule's quince, Japanese Flowering QuinceShrub1.0 5-8 MLMHFSNM303
Chaenomeles speciosaJapanese Quince, Flowering quinceShrub3.0 4-8 MLMHFSNM323
Chaenomeles x californicaCalifornia QuinceShrub1.8 4-8 MLMHSNM312

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Expert comment

Author

Rehder.

Botanical References

200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Dr.Volodymyr Mezhenskyj   Mon Nov 17 02:13:30 2003

Chaenomeles Cultivars

Dear Sirs,

the Chaenomeles is not only very ornamental shrubs, but promising fruit crop. The first in the world industrial plantation of Chaenomeles was established in Ukraine in 1937. Since 2001 the first pomological cultivars are included in the Register of Plant Varieties of the Ukraine. I bred next cultivars: `Nika`, `Nikolaj`, `Nina` - this three related varieties have up to 1 m tall, spineless branches, orange red flowers and yellow apple-shaped fruits weighting 40 to 100 g. `Kalif` - shrub up to 2 m tall with erect branches, with a little more spur spines, white and pink flowers and yellow, globose, ovoid to ellipsoid fruits weighting 60-120 g.

In Register the pomological cultivars `Vitaminnyj`, `Karavaevskyj`, `Pomaranczevyj`, and `Tzytrynovyj` which created by other breeders are included also.

Dr.Volodymyr Mezhenskyj, Artemivsk Research Center of Institution of Horticulture, Opytne, Artemivsk, Donetska obl., 84571 UKRAINE

Volodymyr Mezhenskyj   Fri Aug 4 2006

The images of this cultivars you can see on website http://www.mezhenskyjv.narod.ru/eng_page_2.htm

Volodymyr Mezhenskyj Homepage

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