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Chaenomeles x californica - W.B.Clarke

Common Name California Quince
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None Known
Habitats Garden Hybrid
Range Hybrid
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Chaenomeles x californica California Quince


flickr.com/photos/138014579@N08/27826374264
Chaenomeles x californica California Quince
flickr.com/photos/138014579@N08/27826374264

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Chaenomeles x californica is a deciduous Shrub growing to 1.8 m (6ft) by 1.8 m (6ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. The flowers are pollinated by Bees, Insects.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Chaenomeles x californica W.B.Clarke is an unresolved name. The hybrid C. x californica is a tri-species hybrid (C. x superba x C. cathayensis).

Habitats

Edible Uses

Fruit - very harsh and acid raw but fragrant when cooked. Used for jams, jellies etc and as a flavouring with cooked apples[K]. The fruit can be apple or pear-shaped and up to 6cm long x 6cm wide[200]. The flesh is firm, fragrant and acidic.

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


Possibly some medical uses. C. x californica is a tri-species hybrid (C. x superba x C. cathayensis). Chaenomeles cathayensis fruits is antiemetic, antirheumatic, antispasmodic and digestive[176]. It is used in the treatment of rheumatic pain, convulsions of the calf muscles, vomiting, dyspepsia and diarrhoea[176]. No medical uses are known for Chaenomeles x superba.

References

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An important new book from PFAF. It focuses on the attributes of plants suitable for food forests, what each can contribute to a food forest ecosystem, including carbon sequestration, and the kinds of foods they yield. The book suggests that community and small-scale food forests can provide a real alternative to intensive industrialised agriculture, and help to combat the many inter-related environmental crises that threaten the very future of life on Earth.

Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Plants can be grown to make a medium sized hedge[200]. Attractive flowers. Landscape Uses: Border, Erosion control, Ground cover, Massing, Woodland garden. Some cultivars of Chaenomeles x superba such as 'Crimson and Gold' produce suckers prolifically and are suitable for ground cover[182]. This may not by present in the hybrid.

Special Uses

References

Cultivation details

The hybrid C. x californica is a tri-species hybrid (C. x superba x C. cathayensis). Named cultivars are available in the horticultural trade. Chaenomeles x californica is a strong growing quince with an upright crown reaching 1.8m high and wide. 'Enchantress' is a compact shrub single white to pink flowers and large yellow edible fruits. ?'Masterpiece' has large ovate fruit and pink-red flowers. Easily cultivated in any reasonably good soil[1, 200]. Prefers a deep moist well-drained loam[4, 11]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Tolerates full shade but requires a sunny position for best fruit production[3, 11, 200]. Becomes chlorotic on very alkaline soils[188, 200]. Tolerates atmospheric pollution[200]. A very ornamental plant[1], it is hardy to about -25c[200]. Plants are subject to canker, especially when growing in the milder moister areas of Britain[49]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. Fruits are usually freely produced in Britain, but they do not always ripen[11, 182]. A good bee plant, flowering early in the year and providing pollen and nectar[108]. Landscape Uses: Border, Erosion control, Ground cover, Massing, Woodland garden. Special Features: Not North American native, Attractive flowers or blooms. In garden design, as well as the above-ground architecture of a plant, root structure considerations help in choosing plants that work together for their optimal soil requirements including nutrients and water. The root pattern is branching: a heart root, dividing from the crown into several primary roots going down and out [2-1].

References

Temperature Converter

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a sheltered position outdoors or in a cold frame[200]. Sow stored seed in February in a greenhouse[78]. Germination usually takes place within 6 weeks[78]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle. If well grown, these seedling can be large enough to plant out in the summer, but give them some protection in their first winter. Otherwise plant them out in late spring of the following year[K]. This species is a hybrid and so will not breed true from seed. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[11]. Easy[113]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, November in a cold frame. Layering in late spring or in autumn. This is a sure and easy method, though it takes 12 months[78, 200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Californican Chaenomeles, californican quince, Flowering Quince

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Not Listed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Chaenomeles cathayensisChinese QuinceShrub3.0 4-8  LMHSNM420
Chaenomeles japonicaDwarf Quince, Maule's quince, Japanese Flowering QuinceShrub1.0 5-8 MLMHFSNM303
Chaenomeles speciosaJapanese Quince, Flowering quinceShrub3.0 4-8 MLMHFSNM323
Chaenomeles x superbaDwarf Quince, Flowering QuinceShrub1.0 5-8 FLMHFSNM303

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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W.B.Clarke

Botanical References

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