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Celtis tetrandra - Roxb.

Common Name
Family Ulmaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Along the edges of terraced fields to elevations of 2500 metres in Nepal[272]. Mesophytic mixed forests, valleys and slopes at elevations of 700 - 1500 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - C. and E. Himalayas to China, Thailand and Vietnam.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Celtis tetrandra


Celtis tetrandra

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Celtis tetrandra is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft 7in). It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw. A mealy pleasant taste. The fruit is up to 8mm in diameter, containing a single large seed about 5mm in diameter[266]. We have no further information, but the fruit is liable to consist of a thin, sweet, though dry and mealy flesh around a large seed[K].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Stomachic.

The juice from the seeds is used in the treatment of indigestion[272].

Other Uses

Fuel;  Wood.

Wood - very tough, pliable, strong, durable. Used for oars, toolhandles etc[146]. An excellent fuel[146].

Cultivation details

We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it could succeed outdoors at least in the milder parts of this country. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. Succeeds in any reasonably good soil, preferring a good fertile well-drained loamy soil[1, 11, 200]. Succeeds on dry gravels and on sandy soils[200]. Established plants are very drought resistant[200]. Trees prefer hotter summers and more sunlight than are normally experienced in Britain, they often do not fully ripen their wood when growing in this country and they are then very subject to die-back in winter[1, 11, 200]. Trees can be very long-lived, perhaps to 1000 years[200]. Plants can be coppiced[146]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[200]. Stored seed is best given 2 - 3 months cold stratification and then sown February/March in a greenhouse[78, 200]. Germination rates are usually good, though the stored seed might take 12 months or more to germinate. The seed can be stored for up to 5 years[113]. As soon as they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots. The leaves of seedlings often have a lot of white patches without chlorophyll, this is normal and older plants produce normal green leaves. Grow the seedlings on in a cold frame for their first winter, and plant them out in the following late spring or early summer[K]. Give them some protection from the cold for their first winter outdoors. Cuttings

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Celtis australisNettle Tree, European hackberry32
Celtis boninensis 20
Celtis bungeanaBunge's hackberry20
Celtis caucasicaCaucasian hackberry20
Celtis glycycarpa 20
Celtis jessoensis 20
Celtis koraiensis 20
Celtis laevigataSugarberry, Netleaf hackberry, Texan sugarberry, Sugar Hackberry21
Celtis laveillei 20
Celtis lindheimeriPalo Blanco, Lindheimer's hackberry20
Celtis occidentalisHackberry, Common hackberry31
Celtis pallidaDesert Hackberry20
Celtis reticulataPaloblanco, Netleaf hackberry21
Celtis sinensisChinese hackberry21
Celtis tenuifoliaSmall Hackberry, Dwarf hackberry20
Celtis tournefortiiOriental hackberry20
Pteroceltis tatarinowii 00

 

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Expert comment

Author

Roxb.

Botanical References

158266

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

vinu monson   Fri Jul 6 2007

i heard this drug has the medicinal value to cure the cancer

   Jul 19 2011 12:00AM

There is a large specimen of this tree in the Sir Harold Hillier gardens in Hampshire, England. It is evidently thriving as it is of a substantial size and appeared healthy from the ground. It is growing in a sandy soil, right next to a couple of enormous Pinus radiata.

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Subject : Celtis tetrandra  
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