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Celtis laevigata - Willd.

Common Name Sugarberry, Netleaf hackberry, Texan sugarberry, Sugar Hackberry
Family Ulmaceae
USDA hardiness 5-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats In rich bottomlands along streams, in flood plains, and on rocky slopes, generally in clay soils, from sea level to 300 metres[229, 270].
Range South-eastern N. America - Virginia to Illinois and Missouri, south to Florida and Texas.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Celtis laevigata Sugarberry, Netleaf hackberry, Texan sugarberry, Sugar  Hackberry


USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.
Celtis laevigata Sugarberry, Netleaf hackberry, Texan sugarberry, Sugar  Hackberry
Robert H. Mohlenbrock @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln.

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: Green. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Rounded, Vase.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Celtis laevigata is a deciduous Tree growing to 18 m (59ft 1in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

C. integrifolia. C. mississippiensis.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[61, 105, 257]. The flesh is thin, dry and sweetish, covering a single large seed[149, 183]. The fruit, which is orange to brown or red when fully ripe, is 5 - 8mm in diameter[235, 270].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Miscellany  VD

A decoction of the bark has been used in the treatment of sore throats[257]. It has also been used, mixed with powdered shells, as a treatment for VD[257].

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Other Uses

Fuel  Miscellany  Wood

Wood - soft, not strong, close grained. It weighs 49lb per cubic foot and is used for cheap furniture, fencing, fuel[61, 82, 227].

Special Uses

Food Forest

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Erosion control, Pest tolerant, Aggressive surface roots possible, Street tree, Woodland garden. Succeeds in any reasonably good soil, preferring a good fertile well-drained loamy soil[1, 11, 200]. Succeeds on dry gravels and on sandy soils[200]. Plants are usually found on clay soils in the wild[229]. Established plants are very drought resistant[200]. Trees prefer hotter summers and more sunlight than are normally experienced in Britain, they often do not fully ripen their wood when growing in this country and they are then very subject to die-back in winter[1, 11, 200]. A very variable species, according to some botanists these merit varietal status whilst other botanists say that the differences are too slight[227]. Trees are moderate to fast-growing, probably living no more than 125 - 150 years[229]. They can be very long-lived according to another report, perhaps surviving for 1000 years[200]. Trees fruit heavily most years[229]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. Special Features:North American native, Naturalizing, Wetlands plant, Attracts butterflies, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms. The plant is heat tolerant in zones 9 through 3. (Plant Hardiness Zones show how well plants withstand cold winter temperatures. Plant Heat Zones show when plants would start suffering from the heat. The Plant Heat Zone map is based on the number of "heat days" experienced in a given area where the temperature climbs to over 86 degrees F (30°C). At this temperature, many plants begin to suffer physiological damage. Heat Zones range from 1 (no heat days) to 12 (210 or more heat days). For example Heat Zone. 11-1 indicates that the plant is heat tolerant in zones 11 through 1.) For polyculture design as well as the above-ground architecture (form - tree, shrub etc. and size shown above) information on the habit and root pattern is also useful and given here if available. The plant growth habit is a standard with a non-suckering single trunk [1-2]. The root pattern is flat with shallow roots forming a plate near the soil surface [1-2].

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The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[200]. Stored seed is best given 2 - 3 months cold stratification and then sown February/March in a greenhouse[78, 200]. Germination rates are usually good, though the stored seed might take 12 months or more to germinate. The seed can be stored for up to 5 years[113]. As soon as they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots. The leaves of seedlings often have a lot of white patches without chlorophyll, this is normal and older plants produce normal green leaves. Grow the seedlings on in a cold frame for their first winter, and plant them out in the following late spring or early summer[K]. Give them some protection from the cold for their first winter outdoors. Cuttings

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Celtis australisNettle Tree, European hackberryTree20.0 5-9 MLMNDM320
Celtis boninensis Tree0.0 -  LMNDM20 
Celtis bungeanaBunge's hackberryTree10.0 4-8  LMNDM20 
Celtis caucasicaCaucasian hackberryTree20.0 5-9  LMNDM20 
Celtis glycycarpa Tree0.0 -  LMNDM20 
Celtis jessoensis Tree15.0 5-9  LMNDM20 
Celtis koraiensis Tree12.0 4-8  LMNDM20 
Celtis laveillei Tree0.0 -  LMNDM20 
Celtis lindheimeriPalo Blanco, Lindheimer's hackberryTree10.0 0-0  LMNDM20 
Celtis occidentalisHackberry, Common hackberryTree20.0 3-9 FLMNDM312
Celtis pallidaDesert HackberryTree5.5 -  LMNDM20 
Celtis reticulataPaloblanco, Netleaf hackberryTree12.0 5-9 SLMNDM21 
Celtis sinensisChinese hackberryTree10.0 8-11 MLMNDM21 
Celtis tenuifoliaSmall Hackberry, Dwarf hackberryTree4.5 5-9  LMNDM20 
Celtis tetrandra Tree20.0 -  LMNDM21 
Celtis tournefortiiOriental hackberryTree8.0 6-9  LMNDM20 
Pteroceltis tatarinowii Tree10.0 4-8  LMHSNDM00 

 

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