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Celtis caucasica - Willd.

Common Name Caucasian hackberry
Family Ulmaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry stony bluffs, rocks, ravines etc and occasionally as undergrowth in clearings[74].
Range E. Europe to Asia - Bulgaria to the Himalayas.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Celtis caucasica Caucasian hackberry


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Celtis caucasica Caucasian hackberry

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Celtis caucasica is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft 7in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Canopy;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw[3, 105]. A mealy pleasant taste[74]. The fruit is about 4 - 5mm in diameter, it has a thin, dry, sweet flesh with a pleasant flavour but a slight astringency[K]. The trees often produce large crops of fruit in Britain, but there is so little that is edible on each fruit that it is scarcely worthwhile[K].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

Fuel;  Wood.

Wood - very tough, elastic, durable, of high quality[74, 146]. An excellent fuel[146].

Cultivation details

Succeeds in any reasonably good soil, preferring a good fertile well-drained loamy soil[1, 11, 200]. Succeeds on dry gravels and on sandy soils[200]. Established plants are very drought resistant[74, 200]. Trees prefer hotter summers and more sunlight than are normally experienced in Britain, they often do not fully ripen their wood when growing in this country and they are then very subject to die-back in winter[1, 11, 200]. Trees can be very long-lived, perhaps to 1000 years[200]. This species is closely allied to C. australis but it is much hardier and is more likely to thrive in Britain than most other species in this genus[11, 200]. A tree at Kew in September 1989 was 12 metres tall though it was not bearing fruit[K]. Coppices well[146]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[200]. Stored seed is best given 2 - 3 months cold stratification and then sown February/March in a greenhouse[78, 200]. Germination rates are usually good, though the stored seed might take 12 months or more to germinate. The seed can be stored for up to 5 years[113]. As soon as they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots. The leaves of seedlings often have a lot of white patches without chlorophyll, this is normal and older plants produce normal green leaves. Grow the seedlings on in a cold frame for their first winter, and plant them out in the following late spring or early summer[K]. Give them some protection from the cold for their first winter outdoors. Cuttings

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Celtis australisNettle Tree, European hackberry32
Celtis boninensis 20
Celtis bungeanaBunge's hackberry20
Celtis glycycarpa 20
Celtis jessoensis 20
Celtis koraiensis 20
Celtis laevigataSugarberry, Netleaf hackberry, Texan sugarberry, Sugar Hackberry21
Celtis laveillei 20
Celtis lindheimeriPalo Blanco, Lindheimer's hackberry20
Celtis occidentalisHackberry, Common hackberry31
Celtis pallidaDesert Hackberry20
Celtis reticulataPaloblanco, Netleaf hackberry21
Celtis sinensisChinese hackberry21
Celtis tenuifoliaSmall Hackberry, Dwarf hackberry20
Celtis tetrandra 21
Celtis tournefortiiOriental hackberry20
Pteroceltis tatarinowii 00

 

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Author

Willd.

Botanical References

1174200

Links / References

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