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Celtis - (Thunb.)Planch.

Common Name
Family Ulmaceae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Lowlands and hills, C. and S. Japan[58]. Hills, valleys, stream sides and slopes at elevations of 100 - 600 metres (500 - 1000 metres in E and N China)[266].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan, Korea.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Celtis


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI
Celtis
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Celtis is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft 7in).
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 7 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from September to October. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant).
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Celtis muka. Homoioceltis aspera. Prunus aspera.

Habitats

Edible Uses

Fruit[105, 177]. The fruit is about 6 - 8mm in diameter[200].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Other Uses

The leaves, gathered in autumn, are used as a sandpaper on wood[46, 61]. The fibre from the bark is used for manufacturing ropes and staple rayon[266]. The wood is fine and strong[266].

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

Succeeds in most soils, including dry gravels, but prefers a deep fertile soil[200]. Plants are frost tender when young but they are able to regrow from the base if cut back[11]. A tree growing outdoors at Kew Botanical Gardens has reached a height of 8 metres[11].

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

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Propagation

Seed - it probably requires 2 - 3 months stratification. It is best to sow the seed as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame, otherwise sow as soon as possible in the year. Remove any pulp from the seed before sowing it[200]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter before planting them out in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Celtis australisNettle Tree, European hackberryTree20.0 5-9 MLMNDM322
Celtis boninensis Tree0.0 -  LMNDM20 
Celtis bungeanaBunge's hackberryTree10.0 4-8  LMNDM20 
Celtis caucasicaCaucasian hackberryTree20.0 5-9  LMNDM202
Celtis glycycarpa Tree0.0 -  LMNDM20 
Celtis jessoensis Tree15.0 5-9  LMNDM20 
Celtis koraiensis Tree12.0 4-8  LMNDM20 
Celtis laevigataSugarberry, Netleaf hackberry, Texan sugarberry, Sugar HackberryTree18.0 5-10 MLMHNDM213
Celtis laveillei Tree0.0 -  LMNDM20 
Celtis lindheimeriPalo Blanco, Lindheimer's hackberryTree10.0 0-0  LMNDM201
Celtis occidentalisHackberry, Common hackberryTree20.0 3-9 FLMNDM312
Celtis pallidaDesert HackberryTree5.5 -  LMNDM203
Celtis reticulataPaloblanco, Netleaf hackberryTree12.0 5-9 SLMNDM212
Celtis sinensisChinese hackberryTree10.0 8-11 MLMNDM21 
Celtis tenuifoliaSmall Hackberry, Dwarf hackberryTree4.5 5-9  LMNDM202
Celtis tetrandra Tree20.0 -  LMNDM212
Celtis tournefortiiOriental hackberryTree8.0 6-9  LMNDM20 
Pteroceltis tatarinowii Tree10.0 4-8  LMHSNDM002

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Author

(Thunb.)Planch.

Botanical References

1158200

Links / References

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