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Castanopsis javanica - (Blume) A.DC.

Common Name Spiny oak, Java chinkapin tree
Family Fagaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Primary, sometimes secondary forests, at elevations up to 1,650 metres, occasionally to 2,000 metres[451 ].
Range Southeast Asia - Malaysia, Indonesia.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Castanopsis javanica Spiny oak, Java chinkapin tree


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Castanopsis javanica Spiny oak, Java chinkapin tree
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Castanopsis javanica is an evergreen Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 25 m (82ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. The flowers are pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Castanea javanica (Blume) Blume Castanea montana Blume Fagus javanica Blume Pasania discocarpa (Hance) Gamble Quercus discocarpa Hance Quercus javanica (Blume) Drake Synaedrys discocarpa (Hance) Koidz.

Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Seed
Edible Uses:

Seed[317 , 611 ]. The seeds are 10 - 15mm long and 20 - 25mm wide, contained in a spiny seedcase[451 ].

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


None known

References

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FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

The bark is used for making kegs for storing rice[451 ]. The wood is fairly heavy[46 ]. It is used as a construction material[46 , 317 ]. The wood is used for house building, furniture, poles, door and window frames[611 ]. Although the tree is of poor shape, it produces one of the most durable timbers in its native range, where it is widely used for house posts[451 ].

Special Uses

Carbon Farming

References

Cultivation details

Management: Standard  Regional Crop  Staple Crop: Balanced carb

Not known. Its habitat is hill dipterocarp forests up to 1,000 m (3,300 ft) altitude. Castanopsis species are generally tolerant of a range of soils, preferably well-drained[451]. They succeed in full sun, though young plants generally grow best in dappled woodland shade.

Carbon Farming

  • Management: Standard  Plants grow to their standard height. Harvest fruit, seeds, or other products. Non-Destructive management systems.
  • Regional Crop  These crops have been domesticated and cultivated regionally but have not been adopted elsewhere and are typically not traded globally, Examples in this broad category include perennial cottons and many nuts and staple fruits.
  • Staple Crop: Balanced carb  (0-15 percent protein, 0-15 percent oil, with at least one over 5 percent). The carbohydrates are from either starch or sugar. Annuals include maize, wheat, rice, and potato. Perennials include chestnuts, carob, perennial fruits, nuts, cereals, pseudocereals, woody pods, and acorns.

References

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:

Fahrenheit:

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Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.

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Propagation

Seed

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Berangan duri, Berangan haji, Gasa, Jara anak, Kalimorot, Ki ruing, Kupat, Palele, Pohon kingkilaban

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Pacific, Philippines, SE Asia

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Castanopsis acuminatissimaCastanopsis chestnut, White oakTree25.0 10-12 FLMHNM303
Castanopsis cuspidataJapanese ChinquapinTree25.0 6-9  MHSM20 
Castanopsis delavayi Tree15.0 7-10  MHSM20 
Castanopsis hystrix Tree30.0 -  MHSM20 
Castanopsis inermisBraided Chestnut, BeranganTree20.0 10-12 FLMHSNM301
Castanopsis orthacantha Tree20.0 7-10  MHSM20 
Castanopsis sclerophylla Tree0.0 -  MHSM21 
Castanopsis tibetana Tree0.0 -  MHSM20 
Castanopsis tribuloides Tree8.0 -  MHSM20 

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Author

(Blume) A.DC.

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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