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Carthamus lanatus - L.

Common Name Distaff Thistle
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness 6-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Amongst rocks, in dry hills and uncultivated ground[89].
Range S. Europe. A casual in Britain[17].
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (1 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Carthamus lanatus Distaff Thistle


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Carthamus lanatus Distaff Thistle
http://flickr.com/photos/58213213@N00/

 

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Summary

UPDATE 29/11/11: Carthamus lanatus was originallly in the database as Carthamnus lanatus


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Carthamus lanatus is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms

Kentrophyllum lanatum. (L.)D.C.

Habitats

Edible Uses

An edible oil is obtained from the seed[105, 183].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



The plant is anthelmintic, diaphoretic and febrifuge[240].

Other Uses

An oil is obtained from the seed[240], though the report gives no more details[K].

Cultivation details

Succeeds in ordinary garden soil[1]. Requires a position in full sun[138]. This species is a potentially serious pest plant in N. America[274].

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Propagation

Seed - sow spring in gentle heat in a greenhouse. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 4 weeks at 15°c[138]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer. The seed can also be sown in situ in April/May[138] but plants may not then mature their seed.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Woolly distaff thistle, downy safflower or saffron thistle, Zafferanone selvatico. French name: Carthame laineux. Spain Spanish name: espinas de cristo. Portugal Portuguese name: cardo-sanguinho. Germany German name: wolliger Saflor. Brazil Brazilian name: cardo-lanudo. Sweden Swedish name: luddsafflor.

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, India, Italy, Mediterranean, Sicily, Tasmania.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Noxious Weed Information: US - California - B list (noxious weeds). Oregon - "A" designated weed, Quarantine.In Australia the plant is commonly regarded as a pasture weed. Not considered a weed in much of Europe.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Carthamus tinctoriusSafflower | Koosumbha | Hoang-tchi43

 

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L.

Botanical References

50

Links / References

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