We have recently published ‘Food Forest Plants for Hotter Conditions’: i.e. tropical and sub-tropical regions. We rely on regular donations to keep our free database going and help fund development of this and another book we are planning on food forest plants for Mediterranean climates. Please give what you can to keep PFAF properly funded. More >>>

Follow Us:


Cantleya corniculata - (Becc.) R.A.Howard

Common Name Daru
Family Icacinaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats A canopy tree in primary forest[ 384 ]. Lowland forest, often under swampy conditions[ 334 ]. Drier parts of primary freshwater swamp forest, or drier hill forest, at elevations up to 300 metres, apparently local and scattered, on marshy or sandy soil[ 451 ].
Range Southeast Asia - Malaysia, Indonesia.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (4 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Moist Soil Wet Soil Full sun
Cantleya corniculata Daru

Cantleya corniculata Daru


Translate this page:


Cantleya corniculata is a tropical tree found in Asia that grows up to 40 m tall and has a high, dense crown and straight bole. The fruit is edible though unattractive and of poor quality. The wood is brownish-yellow in colour and has a strong and aromatic scent. It is very heavy and very durable. Found In: Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia, SE Asia. Other Names: bedaru, samala, bedaru, garu buwaja, tusam

Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Cantleya corniculata is an evergreen Tree growing to 30 m (98ft) by 25 m (82ft) at a fast rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


Cantleya johorica Ridl. Platea corniculata Becc. Stemonurus corniculatus (Becc.) Ridl. Urandra corni

Plant Habitats

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Fruit
Edible Uses:

Fruit[ 451 ]. Said to be of a rather poor quality[ 451 ].

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

The Bookshop: Edible Plant Books

Our Latest books on Perennial Plants For Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens in paperback or digital formats.

Food Forest Plants for Hotter Conditions: 250+ Plants For Tropical Food Forests & Permaculture Gardens.
Edible Tropical Plants

Food Forest Plants for Hotter Conditions: 250+ Plants For Tropical Food Forests & Permaculture Gardens.

Plants for Your Food Forest: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests & Permaculture Gardens.
Edible Temperate Plants

Plants for Your Food Forest: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests & Permaculture Gardens.

PFAF have eight books available in paperback and digital media.
More Books

PFAF have eight books available in paperback and digital formats. Browse the shop for more information.

Shop Now

Other Uses

Furniture  Wood

Other uses rating: High (4/5). The tree produces a highly valued timber that is much sought after and commonly exported[451]. Due to the heavy exploitation of this tree for its timber, it has been classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species[338]. The brownish-yellow wood has a strong, aromatic scent. It is close-grained, hard, very heavy, does not split and is very durable in the ground[ 46 , 451 ]. Because of its fragrance, it is sometimes used as a substitute for sandalwood (Santalum spp.)[ 451 ]. It is used for heavy outdoor work, house and ship building, bridges, flag poles etc[ 46 , 451 ]. However, because it is prone to shrink and warp, it is only suitable for furniture or turnery if it has been fully seasoned[ 451 ].

Special Uses

Scented Plants

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

A plant of the moist, lowland tropics.

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:



The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees,Edible Shrubs, Woodland Gardening, and Temperate Food Forest Plants. Our new book is Food Forest Plants For Hotter Conditions (Tropical and Sub-Tropical).

Shop Now

Plant Propagation


Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Cantleya corniculata or Daru. Other Names: bedaru, samala, bedaru, garu buwaja, tusam

Native Plant Search

Search over 900 plants ideal for food forests and permaculture gardens. Filter to search native plants to your area. The plants selected are the plants in our book 'Plants For Your Food Forest: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests and Permaculture Gardens, as well as plants chosen for our forthcoming related books for Tropical/Hot Wet Climates and Mediterranean/Hot Dry Climates. Native Plant Search

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Found In: Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia, SE Asia.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Status: Vulnerable A1cd

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


Expert comment


(Becc.) R.A.Howard

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

Readers comment

Add a comment

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at [email protected]. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Cantleya corniculata  
© 2010, Plants For A Future. Plants For A Future is a charitable company limited by guarantee, registered in England and Wales. Charity No. 1057719, Company No. 3204567.