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Campanula rotundifolia - L.

Common Name Harebell, Bluebell bellflower
Family Campanulaceae
USDA hardiness 4-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry grassy places and on fixed dunes, often in poor shallow soils throughout most of Britain[17].
Range Northern Temperate regions of the world, including Britain, to latitude 70° N.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Campanula rotundifolia Harebell, Bluebell bellflower


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Campanula rotundifolia Harebell, Bluebell bellflower
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Campanula_rotundifolia_001.JPG

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: Blue, White. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late summer, Mid summer. Form: Irregular or sprawling.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Campanula rotundifolia is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.4 m (1ft 4in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies, beetles, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Meadow; Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Leaves - raw or cooked[K].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



The root has been chewed in the treatment of heart and lung problems[257]. An infusion of the roots has been used as ear drops for a sore ear[257]. A decoction of the plant has been drunk or used as a wash in the treatment of sore eyes[257].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Massing, Rock garden, Seashore, Specimen. A very easily grown plant, it succeeds in most fertile well-drained soils[233, 271], though it prefers a moist but well-drained rich sandy loam and a neutral or alkaline soil in sun or partial shade[1, 200]. Succeeds in poor soils[17]. This species can be naturalized in finer turfs, on grassy banks and in chalk downland and heath associations[200]. Plants are hardy to at least -15°c[200]. A very variable species in the wild[271]. When established, plants can spread fairly freely and also self-sow, though they are quite easily contained by hoeing[271]. The species in this genus do not often hybridize and so seed can generally be relied upon to come true[221]. The plants are self-fertile[221]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer or rabbits[233]. A very ornamental plant, there are some named varieties[200]. Special Features:Attractive foliage, Invasive, Naturalizing, Attracts butterflies, Suitable for cut flowers.

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Propagation

Seed - surface sow in spring in a cold frame. Three or four weeks pre-chilling of the seed improves the germination rate[138]. The seed usually germinates in 2 - 4 weeks at 18°c[138]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. The seed can also be sown outdoors in situ during the spring. Basal cuttings in spring[1]. Harvest the shoots when they are about 10 - 15cm long with plenty of underground stem. Pot them up into individual pots and keep them in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer. Division in spring or autumn[111]. Very easy, larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer or following spring.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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Adenophora nikoensis 20
Adenophora remotiflora 21
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Adenophora triphyllaNan Sha Shen21
Adenophora verticillata 22
Agapanthus campanulatus 01
Asyneuma pulchellum 00
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Campanula carpaticaTussock Bellflower, Carpathian Bellflower, Carpathian Harebell30
Campanula carpatica turbinata 30
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Campanula edulis 20
Campanula fenestrellataAdriatic Bellflower40
Campanula garganicaAdriatic Bellflower30
Campanula glomerataClustered Bellflower, Dane's blood, Clustered Bellflower40
Campanula lactifloraMilky Bellflower30
Campanula lasiocarpaMountain harebell20
Campanula latifoliaLarge Campanula, Giant bellflower31
Campanula latiloba 30
Campanula mediumCanterbury Bells, Cup and Saucer, Canterbury Bells20
Campanula parryiParry's Bellflower, Idaho bellflower11
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123

 

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Expert comment

Author

L.

Botanical References

17200

Links / References

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Readers comment

pat   Mon Jun 12 2006

I am a new grower of this plant, and am interested in all i can learn. i live in the isle of wight and they seem to be doing quite well in my garden.it might be beginners luck.

Kara Huntermoon   Wed Jun 3 2009

In Scotland they make a Flower Essence of this plant, which is called Scotch Bluebell in some areas. The Flower Essence is good for strength through yielding and responsiveness, humility, attunement to the earth, increasing our capacity to listen deeply, to gather our awareness. When problems of unprecedented magnitude threaten to overwhelm us, and our resistance to them makes them stronger, this plant assists us with yielding and crafting a response born of presence and attentiveness. My source for this information is Julia M. Brayshaw's Medicine of Place: Patterns of Nature and Psyche in the Wildflowers of Cascadia, Alchemia Puhlishing, Olympia, Washington, 2007.

Medicine of Place This is the site of the book from which I took this above information.

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Subject : Campanula rotundifolia  
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