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Campanula alliariifolia - Willd.

Common Name Cornish Bellflower
Family Campanulaceae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Open scrub and conifer forests, occasionally on cliffs but frequently on steep banks[271]. Naturalized on banks and rough ground, especially by railways, in southern England.
Range E. Europe to W. Asia. Naturalized in Britain, in Cornwall.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Campanula alliariifolia Cornish Bellflower


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Campanula alliariifolia Cornish Bellflower
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Campanula alliariifolia is a deciduous Perennial growing to 0.7 m (2ft 4in) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. It is in leaf from April to November, in flower from July to September. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies, beetles, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Ground Cover;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers;  Leaves.
Edible Uses:

Leaves - raw or cooked[K]. The leaves are rather hairy and, especially as they age, have a slightly unpleasant bitterness. They are acceptable as a minor ingredient in mixed salads, but are generally less than pleasant to eat on their own[K]. Flowers - a pleasant taste and texture with a slight sweetness[208].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

Plants can be grown for ground cover when planted about 45cm apart each way, they form spreading clumps[208].

Cultivation details

Succeeds in any well-drained fertile soil[233], but prefers a moist well-drained rich sandy loam and a neutral or alkaline soil in full sun, though it also tolerates partial shade[1, 200, 208]. When grown in exposed and windy positions, plants tend to grow better when in a poor soil[271]. Plants are hardy to at least -15°c[200]. If the plant is cut back as the flowers fade, it will usually produce a second flush of flowers later in the season[271]. The species in this genus do not often hybridize and so seed can generally be relied upon to come true[221]. The plants are self-fertile[221]. This species tends to produce seed abundantly in cultivation and will often self-sow[221, 271]. Plants can be naturalized in the light dappled shade of a woodland[200]. There are some named forms selected for their ornamental value[200]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[233].

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Propagation

Seed - surface sow spring in a cold frame. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 4 weeks at 18°c[138]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Basal cuttings in spring[1]. Harvest the shoots when they are about 10 - 15cm long with plenty of underground stem. Pot them up into individual pots and keep them in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer. Division in spring or autumn[200]. The plant has a thick fleshy root with a number of crowns. Whilst this can be divided if great care is taken not to damage the root, it is not really recommended because the divisions take a long time to become established[221].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

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Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Adenophora denticulata 20
Adenophora divaricata 20
Adenophora lamarkii 20
Adenophora latifolia 20
Adenophora liliifoliaLadybells, Lilyleaf20
Adenophora nikoensis 20
Adenophora remotiflora 21
Adenophora strictaSha Shen, Ladybells21
Adenophora triphyllaNan Sha Shen21
Adenophora verticillata 22
Agapanthus campanulatus 01
Asyneuma pulchellum 00
Asyneuma salignum 00
Azorina vidalii 30
Campanula carpaticaTussock Bellflower, Carpathian Bellflower, Carpathian Harebell30
Campanula carpatica turbinata 30
Campanula cochleariifoliaFairies Thimbles40
Campanula edulis 20
Campanula fenestrellataAdriatic Bellflower40
Campanula garganicaAdriatic Bellflower30
Campanula glomerataClustered Bellflower, Dane's blood, Clustered Bellflower40
Campanula lactifloraMilky Bellflower30
Campanula lasiocarpaMountain harebell20
Campanula latifoliaLarge Campanula, Giant bellflower31
Campanula latiloba 30
Campanula mediumCanterbury Bells, Cup and Saucer, Canterbury Bells20
Campanula parryiParry's Bellflower, Idaho bellflower11
Campanula persicifoliaHarebell, Peachleaf bellflower40
Campanula portenschlagianaAdria Bellflower30
123

 

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Author

Willd.

Botanical References

17200

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