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Camelina rumelica - Velen.

Common Name Graceful false flax
Family Brassicaceae
USDA hardiness 5-10
Known Hazards None Known
Habitats Fields, roadsides, waste places.
Range SE. Europe to Central Asia and N. Pakistan.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care (info)
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Camelina rumelica Graceful false flax

A specimen from Kew's Herbarium
Camelina rumelica Graceful false flax
Camelina species. CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=512000


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Camelina, a genus in the Brassicaceae family, includes species known as false flax, native to Mediterranean regions of Europe and Asia. Most species are not well-studied, except for Camelina sativa, historically used as an oil plant. In 2010, the US Navy tested a 50-50 mix of jet aviation fuel and biofuel derived from camelina sativa seeds to reduce fossil fuel emissions (Camelina rumelica may have similar uses). However, a 2016 study highlighted that the low cost of conventional kerosene-based jet fuel makes camelina-based jet fuel economically unfeasible for commercial airlines. The study suggested that substantial government intervention, including a 9 percent subsidy on camelina crop production and a 9 percent tax on conventional fuel, could help create a market for camelina.

Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Camelina rumelica is a ANNUAL growing to 0.4 m (1ft 4in) by 0.1 m (0ft 4in) at a fast rate.
See above for USDA hardiness. It is hardy to UK zone 6 and is not frost tender. The flowers are pollinated by Insects.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: mildly acid, neutral and basic (mildly alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map


Homotypic Synonyms: C. sativa subsp. rumelica (Velen.) O.Bolòs & Vigo. Accepted Infraspecifics: C. rumelica subsp. rumelica.

Plant Habitats

Edible Uses

A wild edible green containing unusually high potassium levels. A genetically modified form of Camelina sativa (not Camelina rumelica) has been developed to produce Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) at levels comparable to fish oil. EPA and DHA are long-chain omega-3 fatty acids beneficial for cardiovascular health. Traditionally sourced from fish, these omega-3 fatty acids face limitations and sustainability concerns [2-4] .

References   More on Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known

References   More on Medicinal Uses

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Food Forest Plants for Hotter Conditions: 250+ Plants For Tropical Food Forests & Permaculture Gardens.
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Other Uses

None known

Special Uses

References   More on Other Uses

Cultivation details

An annual or biennial weed. Flowering May to Jun (Northern Hemisphere). Elevations of 100–1500m. Flower colour: yellow. No nitrogen-fixing symbionts.

References   Carbon Farming Information and Carbon Sequestration Information

Temperature Converter

Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit:



The PFAF Bookshop

Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees,Edible Shrubs, Woodland Gardening, and Temperate Food Forest Plants. Our new book is Food Forest Plants For Hotter Conditions (Tropical and Sub-Tropical).

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Plant Propagation


Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Romanian Gold-of-Pleasure. German: Saat-Leindotter. Austria: Balkanischer Leindotter. Sweden: balkand'dra.

Native to: Afghanistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Egypt, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Kirgizstan, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, North Caucasus, Pakistan, Romania, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Macedonia.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This species has not yet been assessed for the IUCN Red List.

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Camelina sativaGold Of PleasureAnnual0.6 6-9  LMHSNDM302

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.


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Botanical References

Links / References

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