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Callitris columellaris - F.Muell.

Common Name White Cypress-Pine
Family Cupressaceae
USDA hardiness 9-11
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Light soils, occasionally near the coast, but usually in dry inland areas up to the montane zone[152].
Range Australia - New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Tender Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Callitris columellaris White Cypress-Pine


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Callitris columellaris White Cypress-Pine
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Callitris columellaris is an evergreen Tree growing to 20 m (65ft 7in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. It is in leaf all year. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant).
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline and saline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms

C. arenosa. C. glauca.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Secondary; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

Fuel;  Resin;  Tannin;  Wood.

A resin obtained from the stumps of felled trees or the cut logs is used as a coating for pills[152]. The bark contains 11 - 23% dry weight of tannin[1, 156]. Wood - resinous, very aromatic, very durable, brittle, very flammable, hard, close grained. Used for construction. furniture making, cabinet making, fencing, ship building etc[1, 152, 167].

Cultivation details

Prefers a dry sandy coastal soil in full sun, succeeding in saline soils[200]. A very drought tolerant plant once established[81, 200]. This species can tolerate temperatures down to at least -7°c in Australian gardens[157] but this cannot be translated directly to British gardens due to our cooler summers and longer, colder and wetter winters. Some reports say that plants can succeed outdoors in the very mildest areas of this country[1, 81] but another report places this species in hardiness zone 10, which would mean that it is not frost tolerant and could only be grown with winter protection[200]. The plants are highly inflammable and are usually killed by forest fires. However, they store their seeds in unopened cones on the tree for many years, these seeds are released after a fire and then germinate freely[200].

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Propagation

Seed - does not require stratification, germinating at any time of the year if it becomes moist[200]. Sow in early spring in a greenhouse. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter, planting them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants

 

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Expert comment

Author

F.Muell.

Botanical References

1200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

Readers comment

Ann Dabron   Tue Mar 11 2008

I wish to purchase a couple of hundred of these to plant on my property in Tabulam N.S.W. Where and from whom?

Paul Loder   Fri Nov 21 2008

Tango Trees at Loganholme south of Brisbane has 130 C. coumellaris in 300 mm pots available for immediate sale. Call th office on 07 3209 8111 ask fo Paul.

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Subject : Callitris columellaris  
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