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Calamus spp - Various

Common Name Rattan Palm
Family Arecaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None Known
Habitats
Range Native to tropical and subtropical Asia, Africa, and Australia
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (5 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Tender Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Calamus spp Rattan Palm


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Calamus spp Rattan Palm
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Summary

A high-value product for shady understory especially in multilayered tropical agroforestry systems. There are about 400 species in this genus, all native to tropical and subtropical Asia, Africa, and Australia. They are mostly leaf-climbing lianas with slender, reedy stems used for basketry, furniture, mats, clothing, buildings.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Calamus spp is an evergreen Perennial growing to 50 m (164ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Many. See individual species.

Habitats

Edible Uses

Some species are edible. Check the individual plant. For example Calamus rotang has edible Shoots and Fruit. Young shoots - cooked and eaten as a vegetable[ 317 ]. Fruit - raw[ 2 ]. When ripe the fruit is roundish, as large as a hazelnut and is covered with small, shining scales, laid like shingles, one upon the other. The subacid pulp which surrounds the kernel is sucked out and eaten as a means of quenching the thirst[ 2 ]. Sometimes the fruit is pickled with salt and eaten at tea-time[ 2 ]. The globose fruits are about 13mm in diameter.

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


In some species the The wood is vermifuge[ 240 ]. The leaves are used in the treatment of biliousness and diseases of the blood[ 240 ]. The root is used in the treatment of chronic fevers and as an antidote to snake venom[ 240 ]. See the individual plant entries.

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Other Uses

Other uses rating: High (4/5). Other Uses: This is the species which yields the best Rattan Cane of commerce. Other species are, however, used as substitutes. It is split into strips and plaited or woven into baskets, chairs, sofas, and carriages. It is twisted into ropes, or stretched entire across rivers, as the main supports of indigenous suspension bridges[ 387 ]. The core of the cane is made into furniture, basketry etc[ 317 ]. The skin peel is used for weaving of chair seats and bags[ 317 ]. Carbon Farming Solutions - Other Systems: multistrata.

Cultivation details

Climate: Tropical. Humidity: Humid. There are an estimated 400 species in this genus, all native to tropical and subtropical Asia, Africa, and Australia. They are mostly leaf-climbing lianas with slender, reedy stems. Carbon Farming Solutions - Cultivation: regional crop. Management: coppice (Describes the non-destructive management systems that are used in cultivation) [1-1]. .

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Propagation

Most species in this genus are more or less vigorous climbing plants in rainforests. In general, they are likely to grow best with their roots in the shade but with their stems able to grow up to the light. They are also likely to grow best in a humus-rich soil[ K ]. A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Calamus species. Rattan, Rotang, Rattan Cane, Bet, Chachi bet, Heart, Pemu, Perambu, Raigong, Tingdon, Vetasa, Vetra, Rotan Rays. Radial Leaf Rotan,

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Asia, Africa, and Australia.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Acorus calamusSweet Flag - Calamus34
Calamus caesiusRotan Sega20
Calamus mananRotan Manau00
Calamus ovoideusEgg-shaped Rattan. Rotan Ovoid20
Calamus radiatusRotan Rays. Radial Leaf Rotan00
Calamus rotangRattan, Rotang, Rattan Cane22
Calamus spp.Rattan Palm22
Dendrocalamus asperGiant Bamboo, Dragon bamboo, Sweet bamboo40
Dendrocalamus brandesiiVelvet Leaf Bamboo, Clumping Bamboo30
Dendrocalamus giganteusGiant Bamboo, Bhalu bans, Dhungre bans21
Dendrocalamus hamiltoniiTama Bamboo. Tufted bamboo30
Dendrocalamus hookeriBhalu bans, Bhutan Green Bamboo20
Dendrocalamus latiflorusSweet Bamboo, Sweet bamboo shoot, Taiwan giant bamboo40
Dendrocalamus membranaceusWhite bamboo30
Dendrocalamus strictusMale Bamboo. Calcutta Stricta or Bamboo31
Himalayacalamus asper 00
Himalayacalamus brevinodus 20
Himalayacalamus cupreus 30
Himalayacalamus falconeri 30
Himalayacalamus fimbriatus 10
Himalayacalamus hookerianusPadang20
Indocalamus latifolius 00
Thamnocalamus aristatus 20
Thamnocalamus spathaceusUmbrella Bamboo00
Thamnocalamus spathiflorus 20
Thamnocalamus tessellatusBergbamboes00

 

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