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Caesalpinia digyna - Rottler

Common Name Teri pods, Udakiryaka
Family Fabaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rather dry open habitats up to 250 metres in Indonesia[310 ]. Thickets, light forests and forest borders, in Indo-China up to 1,200 metres[303 ].
Range E. Asia - China, Indian subcontinent, Malaysia to Indonesia.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Tender Moist Soil Full sun
Caesalpinia digyna Teri pods, Udakiryaka


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Caesalpinia digyna Teri pods, Udakiryaka
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Caesalpinia digyna is an evergreen Shrub growing to 10 m (32ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10.
It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Caesalpinia oleosperma Roxb.

Habitats

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



The root is astringent[310 ]. It is given internally in the treatment of phthisis, scrofula and diabetes[310 ]. Teri Pods yield the glycoside bergenin, which gives the plant its therapeutic properties. As an antioxidant, Teri Pods are revered as a tonic and physical rejuvenative. As an antipyretic, it lowers fever. As an astringent on topical application will heal wounds more quickly.

Other Uses

The roots and the seedpods are a source of tannins[46 ]. Very rich in tannin, they are used in local tanning industries[303 ]. The pods can also serve to prepare a blackish or bluish dye and a black ink, and are sometimes employed as a mordanting agent[303 ]. The wood is reported to contain a red dye[303 ]. The pods contain an oil which can be used in lamps[310 ].

Cultivation details

Fodder: Pod;  Industrial Crop: Oil;  Industrial Crop: Starch;  Industrial Crop: Tannin;  Management: Standard;  Regional Crop;  Staple Crop: Protein-oil.

Succeeds in warm temperate to tropical climates[310 ]. Succeeds in any moderately fertile, well-drained soil[200 ]. Requires a position in full sun[200 ]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200 ]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200 ].

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Propagation

Seed - pre-soak for 12 - 24 hours in warm water prior to sowing. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on until large enough to plant out. Softwood cuttings in sand in a frame[200 ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Gilo, Khvaw baba, Kalein, Khvaw banla, Mak-sup-ka-lun, Moc-meo xanh, Nune-gacca, Sun-lethe, Umul-kuchi, Vakeri-mul, Vakerimula

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Asia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indochina, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, SE Asia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Caesalpinia decapetalaMysore Thorn, Shoofly02
Caesalpinia echinataPau Brasil, Brazil Wood, Indian Savin02
Caesalpinia gilliesiiBird Of Paradise, Bird-of-paradise shrub01
Caesalpinia sappanSappanwood. Rainbow wood12
Caesalpinia spinosaSpiny Holdback, Tara22

 

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Author

Rottler

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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