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Buglossoides arvensis - (L.)I.M.Johnst.

Common Name Field Gromwell, Corn gromwell
Family Boraginaceae
USDA hardiness 6-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Arable fields, rough ground and open grassy places[17].
Range Central and southern Europe, including Britain, through Asia to the Himalayas.
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Buglossoides arvensis Field Gromwell, Corn gromwell

Buglossoides arvensis Field Gromwell, Corn gromwell


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Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Buglossoides arvensis is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is in flower from May to July, and the seeds ripen from July to August. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.


Aegonychon arvense (L.) Gray; Buglossoides arvensis f. cyanea R.Fern; Lithospermum arvense L; Margar


 Meadow; Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

The European Union has granted the refined oil of the seed of Buglossoides arvensis novel food status (a type of food that does not have a significant history of consumption or is produced by a method that has not previously been used for food) and some farmers are growing it.

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


An infusion of the leaves is used as a diuretic[240].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

207189 Prefers a moderately fertile well-drained soil[200].


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Seed - sow spring in situ. Germination should take place within a few weeks.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

USA: Corn Gromwell. Puccoon. Denmark: Ager-stenfr. Poland: Nawrot polny. Italiano: Erba perla minore dei campi. France French name: Grémil des champs. Germany German name: Acker-Steinsame. Brazil Brazilian name: aljofareira. Sweden Swedish name: sminkrot.

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

This plant may be weedy or invasive. Some evidence in USA: Kentucky. Illinois. Nebraska. Tennessee. Wyoming.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.

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Botanical References


Links / References

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Readers comment

Tanya Jane-Patmore, York UK   Sat Aug 12 2006

Hi! A few days ago I was in Uppsala botanic garden in Sweden (with Linneaus links) and they grew this plant there, among the 'colouring' plants. the Swedish common name translates loosely as 'make-up root'. I assumed it has something to do with getting colour out of it. Perhaps Uppsala botanic Garden will know? I don't have any links there. tanya

Dr. Laura Popova   Fri Jun 1 2007

I found a note on the usage of this plant. Areshian writes "It was fascinating to find that at that time in the region of Mountainous Karabagh (as well as in other locations in Transcaucasia) women living in remote villages collected field gromwell in its wild habitat in early spring. They processed the roots and extracted from those a beautiful red pigment that was used in folk cosmetics." Areshian, G.E. 1979. Nor nyut’er Hayastani m.t’.a. 3-rd hazaramyaki erkragorcakan tekhnikakan kulturaneri masin. In Arakelian B.N. (ed.), Haykakan SSH-um 1977-1978 t’t’. dashtayin hnagitakan ashkhatank’neri ardyunk’nerin nvirvac zekutsumneri t’ezisner. Yerevan: Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR, 12-14.

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