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Broussonetia kazinoki - Siebold.

Common Name Kozo
Family Moraceae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Forest margins, low mountains and near houses[266].
Range E. Asia - C. and S. Japan, Korea.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Broussonetia kazinoki Kozo


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Broussonetia kazinoki Kozo
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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Broussonetia kazinoki is a deciduous Tree growing to 4.5 m (14ft 9in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. It is in flower in August, and the seeds ripen in September. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant). The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

Synonyms

B. kaempferi. non Sieb.&Zucc. B. monoica. B. sieboldii.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Flowers;  Fruit;  Leaves.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw[105, 177]. A sweet taste[4]. The fruit comprises a ball about 1cm in diameter with small edible fruits protruding - there is not much edible flesh but it has a lovely flavour[K]. Prolonged ingestion of the fruit is said to weaken the bones[179]. Leaves - cooked and used as a vegetable[105, 177, 183]. Flowers[105, 177, 183]. No more details.

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Tonic.

The fruit is used as a tonic to increase vision and sexual potency[218].

Other Uses

Fibre.

A fibre from the bark is used in making paper, cloth, rope etc[46, 61]. It is inferior to B. papyrifera[4].

Cultivation details

Easily cultivated in a warm sunny position in any soil of reasonable quality[1, 11], thriving on poor sandy or gravelly soils[200]. Tolerates atmospheric pollution[200]. The young growth in spring, even on mature plants, is frost-tender and so it is best to grow the plants in a position sheltered from the early morning sun[K]. Often cultivated in Japan for the fibre in its bark, the tree is coppiced annually for this purpose[4, 58]. Some plants are monoecious whilst others are dioecious. Male and female plants must usually be grown if seed is required[200].

Propagation

Seed - no pre-treatment is required. Sown in the autumn or spring in a greenhouse, germination usually takes place within 1 - 3 months at 15°c[138]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter, planting them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 8 - 12cm long with a heel, July/August in a frame. High percentage[11, 78]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, November in a frame[200]. Root cuttings in winter[200]. Layering in spring[200].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants

 

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Expert comment

Author

Siebold.

Botanical References

1158200

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

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Subject : Broussonetia kazinoki  
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