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Bromus carinatus - Hook.&Arn.

Common Name Californian Brome
Family Poaceae or Gramineae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Various habitats from moist woods to dry open meadows or sagebrush covered hills, sometimes to the timber line[60]. Found naturalized along the Thames at Kew and Oxford[17].
Range Western N. America - British Columbia to California and New Mexico. Naturalized in Britain[17].
Edibility Rating    (1 of 5)
Other Uses    (1 of 5)
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun
Bromus carinatus Californian Brome


USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
Bromus carinatus Californian Brome
USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Bromus carinatus is a ANNUAL/BIENNIAL growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind, Cleistogomy (self-pollinating without flowers ever opening). The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms

Ceratochloa carinatus.

Habitats

Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Seed.
Edible Uses:

Seed - cooked[161, 177]. Used as a piñole[183].The dried seed can be ground into a powder and mixed with water to make a mush or made into bread[257]. The seed is rather small and fiddly to utilize[K].

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

Used for control of erosion and revegetation of damaged land, as well as a highly palatable forage for livestock.

Cultivation details

We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors in many parts of this country. A potential perennial cereal crop, it is able to survive summer droughts without needing irrigation[183]. Tolerates a pH in the range 5.3 to 7.8. The plant has cleistogamous flowers - these do not open in the usual way but are self-pollinated by the plant. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. Succeeds in a sunny position in most well-drained soils[138, 200].

Propagation

Seed - sow spring or autumn in situ and only just cover. Germination should take place within 2 weeks. If seed is in short supply it can be surface sown in a cold frame in early spring. When large enough to handle, prick out the seedlings into individual pots and plant them out in early summer. Division in spring. Large clumps can be planted out direct into their permanent positions whilst it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are ready to be planted out.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

California brome. Mountain brome.

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Native to western North America from Alaska to northern Mexico, where it can be found in many types of habitat. Known in parts of the American midwest and eastern North America as an introduced species.

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Can become a noxious weed in agricultural settings.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Bromus breviaristatusMountain Brome10
Bromus inermisSmooth Brome, Pumpelly's brome00
Bromus japonicusJapanese Chess, Field brome10
Bromus mangoMango, Mango brome20
Bromus marginatusMountain Brome10
Bromus ramosusHairy Brome01
Bromus rigidusRipgut Brome10
Bromus tectorumCheat Grass, Downy Brome11
Bromus thominiiSoft Brome10

 

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Expert comment

Author

Hook.&Arn.

Botanical References

60236

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here

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Subject : Bromus carinatus  
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