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Barringtonia novae hiberniae - Lauterb.

Common Name Pao Nut
Family Lecythidaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dense primary forest on rich alluvial soils; often near the coast but also inland to elevations of 600 metres[658 ].
Range Australasia - New Guinea to the Bismarck Islands, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (2 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (2 of 5)
Care
Tender Moist Soil Full sun
Barringtonia novae hiberniae Pao Nut


Barringtonia novae hiberniae Pao Nut

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of cone
Barringtonia novae hiberniae is an evergreen Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 7 m (23ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. The flowers are pollinated by Moths, Bats.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline and saline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Barringtonia brosimos Merr. & L.M.Perry Barringtonia excelsa Guill. Barringtonia oblongifolia R.Knuth

Habitats

Edible Uses

Seed - raw or roasted[658 ]. A flavour like raw peanuts[324 ]. It has a fairly hard texture[658 ]. The seed is about 3cm long and 1 - 2cm wide[658 ].

Medicinal Uses

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The bark is used in the treatment of stomach ailments and gonorrhoea[339 ]. A strong tea made from the bark is claimed to induce abortion and definitive sterility[389 ].

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Other Uses

The wood is light in weight. It is used for canoe paddles, casing, light construction[339 ]. The wood is used as a quick-burning firewood[339 ]. Commonly planted as ornamental and shade tree and for the fruit, seeds edible.

Cultivation details

Management: Standard  Regional Crop  Staple Crop: Balanced carb

As pao nuts often do well and are most common on low off shore islands and coral waterfront villages, they may be particularly suited to coral and alkaline soils[658 ]. If trees are planted in suitable sites and well looked after, they can produce fruit in a year or two from seed[658 ]. The tree can flower and produce seeds all year round[658 ]. Several different races or types of pao nut have been selected by villagers and these trees seem to produce fruit that is similar to the seed that was planted[658 ]. Trees grown from cuttings have shorter trunks and form branches closer to the ground[658 ].

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Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe. Stem cuttings[658 ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed

Related Plants

 

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Author

Lauterb.

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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