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Baccharis halimifolia - L.

Common Name Bush Groundsel, Eastern baccharis, High Tide Bush, Sea Myrtle, Salt Bush
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards The plant is potentially toxic to livestock[274].
Habitats Open woods, thickets and borders of marshes near the coast[43], often in saline soils[235].
Range Eastern N. America - Massachusetts to Florida and Texas.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Baccharis halimifolia Bush Groundsel, Eastern baccharis, High Tide Bush, Sea Myrtle, Salt Bush


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Jean-Jacques_MILAN
Baccharis halimifolia Bush Groundsel, Eastern baccharis, High Tide Bush, Sea Myrtle, Salt Bush
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Daderot

 

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Summary

Bloom Color: White. Main Bloom Time: Early fall, Late fall, Mid fall. Form: Upright or erect, Vase.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of shrub
Baccharis halimifolia is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3.5 m (11ft) by 3.5 m (11ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower in October. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). and is pollinated by Insects. The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline and saline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms

Habitats

Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Hedge;

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Demulcent.

The plant is used as a palliative and demulcent in consumption and cough[207].

Other Uses

Fuel;  Hedge;  Hedge;  Soil stabilization.

A good fast-growing hedge for exposed maritime conditions[11, K]. It retains its leaves into the new year but is rather bare in late winter[K]. Plants have an extensive root system and can be grown on sand or thin coastal soils in order to bind the soil[200]. Resinous secretions on the leaves and wood make this a useful fuel[11]. It is a fairly small plant though and would not be a very productive source.

Cultivation details

Landscape Uses:Seashore. Succeeds in a sunny position in any well-drained soil[11, 188], from heavy clays to pure sands[113]. Tolerates saline conditions and dry soils[188, 200]. A useful shrub for coastal situations, resisting maritime exposure[11]. Plants are hardy to about -15°c[200]. A fast-growing plant, it is very tolerant of pruning and can be cut right back to the base if required[K]. The presence of this plant growing wild was supposed to indicate areas where oil might be found[207]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required. Special Features:North American native, All or parts of this plant are poisonous, Wetlands plant, Attractive flowers or blooms.

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Propagation

Seed - no pre-treatment is required[113]. Surface sow in pots a cold frame in the spring, do not let the compost dry out. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 2 weeks[113]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the cold frame for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Very easy[K]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current seasons growth, November in a frame. Easy[K].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Baccharis genistelloidesCarqueja04
Baccharis patagonica 00
Baccharis pilularisDwarf Chaparral Broom, Coyotebrush , Chaparral Broom01
Baccharis vimineaMule's Fat11

 

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Author

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Botanical References

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Subject : Baccharis halimifolia  
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