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Avena brevis - Roth.

Common Name
Family Poaceae or Gramineae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry wasteland, cultivated ground and meadows, especially on heavier soils[200].
Range Europe - Russia to Mediterranean.
Edibility Rating    (2 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (0 of 5)
Care
Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Avena brevis


Avena brevis

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 
Avena brevis is a ANNUAL.
It is not frost tender. It is in flower from June to July, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Seed.
Edible Uses: Coffee.

Seed - cooked[57, 105, 171]. The seed ripens in the latter half of summer and, when harvested and dried, can store for several years. It has a floury texture and a mild, somewhat creamy flavour. It can be used as a staple food crop in either savoury or sweet dishes. The seed can be cooked whole, though it is more commonly ground into a flour and used as a cereal in all the ways that oats are used, especially as a porridge but also to make biscuits, sourdough bread etc. The seed can also be sprouted and eaten raw or cooked in salads, stews etc. The roasted seed is a coffee substitute.

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

Fibre;  Mulch;  Paper;  Thatching.

The straw has a wide range of uses such as for bio-mass, fibre, mulch, paper-making and thatching[171]. Some caution is advised in its use as a mulch since oat straw can infest strawberries with stem and bulb eelworm.

Cultivation details

We have very little information on this species, but it should be possible to grow it as a spring-sown annual in Britain, and might also succeed as an autumn-sown crop. A diploid species, it is of little commercial importance[57] but is locally cultivated in sandy fields in Europe for its edible seed[50]. It is often used in mountainous regions because the seed ripens quickly[2]. A parent of the cultivated species of oats[171]. Closely related to A. sativa, differing mainly in its small spikelets and plumper lemmas[236]. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. Succeeds in any moderately fertile soil in full sun[200]. Oats are in general easily grown plants but, especially when grown on a small scale, the seed is often completely eaten out by birds. Some sort of netting seems to be the best answer on a garden scale.

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Propagation

Seed - sow in situ in early spring or in the autumn. Only just cover the seed. Germination should take place within 2 weeks.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Avena abyssinicaAbyssinian Oat20
Avena barbataSlender Oat20
Avena byzantinaRed Oat20
Avena fatuaWild Oats21
Avena ludovicianaOats20
Avena nudaNaked Oat40
Avena nudibrevis 20
Avena orientalisHungarian Oat31
Avena sativaOats, Common oat33
Avena sterilisSterile Oats, Animated oat30
Avena strigosaBristle Oats, Black oats20
Avena wiestii 20

 

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Expert comment

Author

Roth.

Botanical References

50

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Subject : Avena brevis  
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