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Atriplex patula - L.

Common Name Spreading Orach, Spear saltbush
Family Chenopodiaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards Most reports say that no member of this genus contains any toxins and that all have more or less edible leaves. However, one report says that if very large quantities are eaten they can cause photosensitivity[70]. If plants are grown with artificial fertilizers they may concentrate harmful amounts of nitrates in their leaves.
Habitats Waste and arable land near the coast[9], it is usually found on clays and heavy ground[4].
Range Most of Europe, including Britain, south and east to N. Africa and W. Asia.
Edibility Rating    (3 of 5)
Other Uses    (0 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (1 of 5)
Care
Moist Soil Full sun
Atriplex patula Spreading Orach, Spear saltbush


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Atriplex patula Spreading Orach, Spear saltbush

 

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Summary


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of flower
Atriplex patula is a ANNUAL growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in). It is in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind, insects. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline and saline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats

 Cultivated Beds;

Edible Uses

Edible Parts: Leaves;  Seed.
Edible Uses:

Young leaves - raw or cooked as a spinach substitute[5, 85, 95, 153, 183]. A fairly bland flavour, a few leaves of stronger-flavoured plants can be added to enhance the taste[9]. Seed - ground and mixed with cornmeal or used to thicken soups etc[183]. Small and very fiddly to harvest and use[9].

Medicinal Uses



Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Laxative.

The seeds, harvested when just ripe, are said to be as efficacious as ipecacuanha as a laxative[4].

Other Uses

None known

Cultivation details

Succeeds in full sun in any well-drained but not too fertile soil[200]. Prefers a rich soil. Tolerates saline and very alkaline soils[200].

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Propagation

Seed - sow April/May in situ[134]. Germination is usually rapid.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Atriplex argenteaSilvery Orach, Silverscale saltbush, Stalked saltbush22
Atriplex argentea expansaSilverscale Saltbush20
Atriplex californicaCalifornia Orach, California saltbush30
Atriplex canescensGrey Sage Brush, Fourwing saltbush41
Atriplex carnosaThickleaf Orach20
Atriplex confertifoliaShadscale, Shadscale saltbush41
Atriplex coronataCrownscale20
Atriplex dimorphostegia 20
Atriplex elegansWheelscale Saltbush20
Atriplex glabriusculaScotland orache, Maritime saltbush, Frankton's saltbush, Northeastern saltbush20
Atriplex gmeliniiGmelin's saltbush20
Atriplex halimusSea Orach, Saltbush51
Atriplex hastataHastate Orach30
Atriplex hortensisOrach, Garden orache42
Atriplex lapathifolia 30
Atriplex lentiformisQuail Bush, Big saltbush, Quailbush,31
Atriplex maximowiczianaMaximowicz's saltbush20
Atriplex mucronata 20
Atriplex nummulariaGiant Saltbush, Bluegreen saltbush30
Atriplex nuttalliiNuttall's Saltbush40
Atriplex powelliiPowell's Saltweed20
Atriplex saccariaSack Saltbush20
Atriplex serenanaBractscale, Davidson's bractscale20
Atriplex subcordata 20
Atriplex tataricaTatarian orache20
Atriplex truncataWedgescale Saltbush20

 

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Botanical References

17

Links / References

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Readers comment

Margaret   Thu Jul 20 2006

The red form, A. patula Rubra, looks attractive in borders and cut for salads.

David Redding   Thu Dec 31 2009

Does Atriplex patula grow in the Piedmont soil of the Atlanta, Georgia area?

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