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Ateleia glazioveana - Baill.

Common Name TIMBO
Family Fabaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Broadleaved and Atlantic rainforest, usually in open areas and secondary growth, favouring moist soils and forest fringes[ 419 ].
Range S. America - Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Tender Moist Soil Full sun
Ateleia glazioveana TIMBO


Gersson L. Lopes
Ateleia glazioveana TIMBO
Gersson L. Lopes

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Summary

Atelia glaziveana is a fast growing tree that has nitrogen-fixing capability. It is a deciduous tree with a vase-shaped crown growing up to 18 meters tall and a bole of up to 30-50 cm in diameter. It is mainly used as a fuel though due to its vigorous characteristic, it has high potential in reforestation usage. Its wood is only used for lower quality indoor purposes.


Physical Characteristics

 icon of manicon of lolypop
Ateleia glazioveana is a deciduous Tree growing to 13 m (42ft) by 13 m (42ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. and are pollinated by Insects.It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

No synonyms are recorded for this name.

Habitats

Broadleaved and Atlantic rainforest, usually in open areas and secondary growth, favouring moist soils and forest fringes[ 419 ].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known

Other Uses

Other uses rating: High (4/5). Agroforestry Uses: A fast-growing tree, tolerant of the sun even as a seedling, it fixes atmospheric nitrogen. Considered to be a weed in many pasture areas, this is an excellent species to choose when restoring native woodland[ 419 ]. It could also be used as a pioneer species when starting a woodland garden, though should only be used within its natural range due to the possibility that it could escape from cultivation and invade non-native areas[ K ]. Other Uses The wood is light in weight, smooth, not very compact, slightly coarse surface, of low durability when exposed to the elements. It is only used for lower quality indoor purposes such as sheathing, inner walls, laths, boxes etc[ 419 ]. The wood is used for fuel[ 419 ].

Cultivation details

Grows best in a sunny position[ 419 ]. Prefers a moist soil[ 419 ]. The plant is a vigorous pioneer species, producing seed abundantly and self-sowing freely into open land. It is considered to be a weed in some parts of its native range where it has invaded pasture land[ 419 ]. A fast-growing tree, easily reaching a height of 4 metres or more within 2 years from seed[ 419 ]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a sunny position in a nursery seedbed. A high germination rate can usually be expected, with the seed sprouting within 10 - 20 days[ 419 ]. The seedlings grow away quickly and they should be ready to plant out less than 5 months later[ 419 ]. Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have been dried for storage the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[ K ].

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

TIMBî or Atelia glaziveana

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Coming Soon

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

May be weedy

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.

Related Plants

 

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Author

Baill.

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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