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Astronium urundeuva - (Allem?o) Engl.

Common Name Urunday
Family Anacardiaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rainforests in moist areas and open, stunted woodland in arid areas[ 419 ]. Dryland forests and savannahs[ 739 ].
Range S. America - northern Argentina, Paraguay, eastern, central and northeastern Brazil, Bolivia.
Edibility Rating    (0 of 5)
Other Uses    (3 of 5)
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating    (4 of 5)
Care (info)
Tender Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun
Astronium urundeuva Urunday


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Astronium urundeuva Urunday
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Summary

Urunday, Astronium urundeuva, is a deciduous tree with a pyramid-shaped crown. It grows up to 20-25 meters tall with up to 80 cm bole diameter. Urunday is used as a medicinal plant. In particular, its bark, including the resin it produces, are used against various pulmonary conditions, kidney problems, stomach ulcers, haemoptysis, uterine bleeding, colitis, and for post-natal vaginal washes. Recent studies have shown that Urunday have potential as treatment of nerve-degenerative diseases like Parkinson?s disease. The wood is very heavy, durable, and strong. It is a source of muiracatiara timber.


Physical Characteristics

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Astronium urundeuva is a deciduous Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 8 m (26ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

UK Hardiness Map US Hardiness Map

Synonyms

Myracrodruon urundeuva Allem?o

Habitats

Edible Uses

None known

References

Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.


The bark, and the resin obtained from it, are balsamic and haemostatic. They are used in the treatment of pulmonary complaints, kidney problems, haemoptysis, metrorrhagia, for post-natal vaginal washes, stomach ulcers and colitis[ 739 ]. The resin is also tonic[ 739 ]. Research has shown that both aqueous and alcohol extracts of the bark strongly inhibit gastric ulceration[ 739 ]. Extracts of the bark have been shown to exert a neuro-protective effect and could provide benefits, along with other therapies, in neurodegenerative injuries, such as Parkinson?s disease[ 744 ].

References

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Read More

FOOD FOREST PLANTS

Other Uses

Other uses rating: Medium (3/5). Other Uses The cherry-red to dark-brownish red wood is very heavy, very durable and strong[ 46 , 419 ]. It is an excellent timber for external work, being used for railroad ties, telegraph posts, bridge timbers, posts and piles[ 46 , 419 ]. The wood is a source of muiracatiara timber. We have no more specific information, but a general description of muiracatiara timber is as follows:- The heartwood is pinkish-brown to yellow-brown, becoming red-brown to dark brown with very irregularly spaced black-brown veins; it is clearly demarcated from the 4 - 10cm wide band of sapwood. The texture is fine; the grain straight or interlocked. The wood is heavy, hard and very durable, being resistant to fungi, dry wood borers and termites. It seasons normally with little risk of checking or distortion; once dry it is poorly stable in service. It has a fairly high blunting effect upon toold, stellite-tipped and tungsten carbide tools are recommended; nailing and screwing are good, but pre-boring is necessary; gluing is poor. The wood has a wide range of applications, being used in cabinet making for high class furniture, for flooring, turnery, interior and exterior joinery, heavy carpentry, tool handles, musical instruments, carving etc[ 848 ].

Special Uses

References

Cultivation details

A plant of the warm temperate zone to the tropics, where it can succeed in semi-arid to moist regions with 2,000mm of rain per year[ 419 ]. Prefers a sunny position in a well-drained soil. In different silvicultural trials, trees of 3 years have attained a height of 1.7 metres; trees of 5 years have attained a height of 5.11 metres; and trees of 9 years have attained a height of 9.6 metres with a bole diameter of 97mm[ 402 ].

References

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Propagation

Seed - it does not need pre-treatment and is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a semi-shaded nursery bed. A germination rate of more than 80% is normally achieved within 8 - 18 days[ 419 ]. The seedlings grow away quickly.

Other Names

If available other names are mentioned here

Urunday, Astronium urundeuva. Portuguese common names: aroeira-do-sert‹o, urundeœva, aroeira preta, urindeœva, arindeœva.

Found In

Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available

Coming Soon

Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

None Known

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Data Deficient

Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameHabitHeightHardinessGrowthSoilShadeMoistureEdibleMedicinalOther
Astronium balansaeAstroniumTree15.0 10-12  LMNM004

Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water.

 

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Author

(Allem?o) Engl.

Botanical References

Links / References

For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.

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